How to format your references using the Obstetrics & Gynecology Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obstetrics & Gynecology Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rabitz H. Chemistry. Shaped laser pulses as reagents. Science 2003;299:525–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldstein JL, Brown MS. History of science. A golden era of Nobel laureates. Science 2012;338:1033–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Branco T, Clark BA, Häusser M. Dendritic discrimination of temporal input sequences in cortical neurons. Science 2010;329:1671–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Passafaro M, Nakagawa T, Sala C, Sheng M. Induction of dendritic spines by an extracellular domain of AMPA receptor subunit GluR2. Nature 2003;424:677–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prazeres DMF. Plasmid Biopharmaceuticals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Mora M, Marx Gómez J, Garrido L, Pérez FC, editors. Engineering and Management of IT-based Service Systems: An Intelligent Decision-Making Support Systems Approach. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Cari C, Suparmi A. Application of Nikiforov-Uvarov Method for Non-central Potential System Solution. In: Gaol FL, Shrivastava K, Akhtar J, editors. Recent Trends in Physics of Material Science and Technology Singapore: Springer; 2015. page 67–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obstetrics & Gynecology Science.

Blog post
Andrew D. How Much Radiation Damage Do Astronauts Really Suffer In Space? [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Issues Associated With a Possible Amtrak Liquidation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998. Report No.: RCED-98-60. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee Y. Lexical Stress Features Affecting the Recognition of English Loanwords in Korean by Native English Hearers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. What Price Beauty? Oh, Say $2,000 or So. New York Times 1993 May 28;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleObstetrics & Gynecology Science
ISSN (print)2287-8572
ISSN (online)2287-8580

Other styles