How to format your references using the Obesity Research & Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerridge JF. Isotopic variability of nitrogen in lunar regolith. Science 2001;293:1947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Landskron K, Ozin GA. Periodic mesoporous dendrisilicas. Science 2004;306:1529–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Timm RM, Ramey RR 2nd, Nomenclature Committee of the American Society of Mammalogists. What constitutes a proper description? Science 2005;309:2163–6; author reply 2163-6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhou Y, Fuentes-Hernandez C, Khan TM, Liu J-C, Hsu J, Shim JW, et al. Recyclable organic solar cells on cellulose nanocrystal substrates. Sci Rep 2013;3:1536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sahinoglu M. Cyber-Risk Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Hepburn HR. Honeybee Nests: Composition, Structure, Function. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Shcheglov AS, Zhulidov PA, Bogdanova EA, Shagin DA. Normalization of cDNA Libraries. In: Buzdin AA, Lukyanov SA, editors. Nucleic Acids Hybridization Modern Applications, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007, p. 97–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity Research & Clinical Practice.

Blog post
Andrew E. Massive Storm Found Within Galaxy. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Better Management and More Resources Needed To Strengthen Federal Efforts To Improve Pregnancy Outcome. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mcfarlane N. Information power efficiency tradeoffs in mixed signal CMOS circuits. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Rematch 45 Years In the Making. New York Times 2010:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity Research & Clinical Practice
AbbreviationObes. Res. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)1871-403X
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

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