How to format your references using the Obesity Research & Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reimold WU. Geosciences. Impact cratering comes of age. Science 2003;300:1889–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
Plous S, Herzog HA. Poll shows researchers favor lab animal protection. Science 2000;290:711b.
A journal article with 3 authors
Häusser M, Major G, Stuart GJ. Differential shunting of EPSPs by action potentials. Science 2001;291:138–41.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Clubb R, Rowcliffe M, Lee P, Mar KU, Moss C, Mason GJ. Compromised survivorship in zoo elephants. Science 2008;322:1649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calloway J. Becoming a Category of One. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Contopoulos G, Patsis PA, editors. Chaos in Astronomy: Conference 2007. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Rzoska SJ, Drozd-Rzoska A. Comments on Nonlinear Dielectric Effect Measurements in Liquids. In: Rzoska SJ, Zhelezny VP, editors. Nonlinear Dielectric Phenomena in Complex Liquids, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 55–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity Research & Clinical Practice.

Blog post
Hale T. Washing Your Clothes Can Release Up To 700,000 Microplastic Particles Into The Environment. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Summary of a GAO Conference: Helping California Youths with Disabilities Transition to Work or Postsecondary Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gowda V. Pollination biology and inter-island geographical variation in the mutualistic Heliconia (Heliconiaceae)-hummingbird (Trochilidae) interaction of the Eastern Caribbean Islands. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Misses First Debt Payment. New York Times 2015:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity Research & Clinical Practice
AbbreviationObes. Res. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)1871-403X
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles