How to format your references using the Obesity Research & Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martienssen R. Molecular biology. Small RNA makes its move. Science 2010;328:834–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sitia R, Braakman I. Quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum protein factory. Nature 2003;426:891–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quinto-Su PA, Suzuki M, Ohl C-D. Fast temperature measurement following single laser-induced cavitation inside a microfluidic gap. Sci Rep 2014;4:5445.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu P, Chen Y-J, Hao J-H, Ge J-F, Huang K, Tao R-X, et al. Maternal depressive symptoms related to Epstein-Barr virus reactivation in late pregnancy. Sci Rep 2013;3:3096.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lafontaine E, Comet M. Nanothermites. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Chee YM, Guo Z, Ling S, Shao F, Tang Y, Wang H, et al., editors. Coding and Cryptology: Third International Workshop, IWCC 2011, Qingdao, China, May 30-June 3, 2011. Proceedings. vol. 6639. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Pratt LJ, Whitehead JA. Coastal Applications. In: Whitehead JA, editor. Rotating Hydraulics: Nonlinear Topographic Effects in the Ocean and Atmosphere, New York, NY: Springer; 2007, p. 369–414.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity Research & Clinical Practice.

Blog post
Andrew E. Turtle Extinction Event Bodes Ill For Our Waterways. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Still Needs To Clarify Policies for Performing Research and Development for Other Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mickey J. Random Linear Network Coding with Added Prefix Bits. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. 2017 Sundance Film Festival Short Film Tour. New York Times 2017:C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity Research & Clinical Practice
AbbreviationObes. Res. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)1871-403X
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

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