How to format your references using the Nutrition & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rabitz H. Chemistry. Strong-arming molecular dynamics. Science. 2006;314:264–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lee S-Y, MacKinnon R. A membrane-access mechanism of ion channel inhibition by voltage sensor toxins from spider venom. Nature. 2004;430:232–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhang Q, Piston DW, Goodman RH. Regulation of corepressor function by nuclear NADH. Science. 2002;295:1895–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Carlson CM, Endrizzi BT, Wu J, Ding X, Weinreich MA, Walsh ER, et al. Kruppel-like factor 2 regulates thymocyte and T-cell migration. Nature. 2006;442:299–302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bartlett K. The Experience of History. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Goldberger JJ, Ng J, editors. Practical Signal and Image Processing in Clinical Cardiology. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gharibreza M, Ashraf MA. Soil Erosion Rate and Nutrient Loss at the Bera Lake Catchment. In: Ashraf MA, editor. Applied Limnology: Comprehensive View from Watershed to Lake. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014. p. 107–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition & Metabolism.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Of Course Space Exploration Is Worth The Money. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. GAO Rolodex Cards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Apr. Report No.: 148869.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cortez A. Life Is A Highway: Finding Your Way and Finding the Words [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. For Giddyup, Give a Horse a Holiday. New York Times. 2010 Apr 18;WK2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition & Metabolism
AbbreviationNutr. Metab. (Lond.)
ISSN (online)1743-7075
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles