How to format your references using the Nutrition & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nutrition & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Shatz CJ. David Hunter Hubel (1926-2013). Nature. 2013;502:625.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jiang C, Srinivasan SG. Unexpected strain-stiffening in crystalline solids. Nature. 2013;496:339–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Otterbein LR, Graceffa P, Dominguez R. The crystal structure of uncomplexed actin in the ADP state. Science. 2001;293:708–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu Q, Wang L, Frutos AG, Condon AE, Corn RM, Smith LM. DNA computing on surfaces. Nature. 2000;403:175–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kerzner H, Belack C. Managing Complex Projects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Cristóbal López AB, Martí Vega A, Luque López A, editors. Next Generation of Photovoltaics: New Concepts. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kotulski Z, Szczepiński W. Functions of Independent Random Variables. In: Szczepinski W, editor. Error Analysis with Applications in Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 91–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nutrition & Metabolism.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Messy Galaxy Is A Cosmic Mystery [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/messy-galaxy-is-a-cosmic-mystery/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Misuse of Federal Funds Provided for the Midwest Regional Conference on Science, Technology, and State Government. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 May. Report No.: B-171679.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ichiyama J. Early goal-directed therapy in adult septic patients [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. de la MERCED MJ, Kang C. TV Station Owners Rush to Seize on Looser Rules. New York Times. 2017 May 2;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNutrition & Metabolism
AbbreviationNutr. Metab. (Lond.)
ISSN (online)1743-7075
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles