How to format your references using the Nursing for Women's Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nursing for Women's Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Milburn, G. J. (2013). Physics. Demonstrating uncertainty. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6121), 770–771.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richerson, P. J., & Boyd, R. (2008). Migration: an engine for social change. Nature, 456(7224), 877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wong, K. M., Suchard, M. A., & Huelsenbeck, J. P. (2008). Alignment uncertainty and genomic analysis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5862), 473–476.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pandey, A., Misra, P., Bhambhani, S., Bhatia, C., & Trivedi, P. K. (2014). Expression of Arabidopsis MYB transcription factor, AtMYB111, in tobacco requires light to modulate flavonol content. Scientific Reports, 4, 5018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisswanger, H. (2005). Enzymkinetik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Thomas, A. R., & Vaduva, S. (Eds.). (2015). Global Supply Chain Security: Emerging Topics in Research, Practice and Policy. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sokołowska, K. (2013). Symplasmic Transport in Wood: The Importance of Living Xylem Cells. In K. Sokołowska & P. Sowiński (Eds.), Symplasmic Transport in Vascular Plants (pp. 101–132). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nursing for Women's Health.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 3). Immunotherapy: Training The Body To Fight Cancer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Airspace System: Emerging Technologies May Offer Alternatives to the Instrument Landing System (RCED-93-33). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felix, R. C. (2015). Strengthening relationships for siblings in foster families: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grimes, W. (2016, August 24). Nina Ponomareva, Winner of Historic Gold, Dies at 87. New York Times, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Milburn, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Milburn, 2013; Richerson & Boyd, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richerson & Boyd, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Wong et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pandey et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNursing for Women's Health
AbbreviationNurs. Womens. Health
ISSN (print)1751-4851
ScopeGeneral Nursing

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