How to format your references using the Nursing for Women's Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nursing for Women's Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2003). Axeing of website article sparks row at Max Planck. Nature, 422(6931), 460.
A journal article with 2 authors
Artursson, P., & Knight, S. D. (2015). Structural biology. Breaking the intestinal barrier to deliver drugs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6223), 716–717.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gahan, L. J., Gould, F., & Heckel, D. G. (2001). Identification of a gene associated with Bt resistance in Heliothis virescens. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5531), 857–860.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kaji, K., Norrby, K., Paca, A., Mileikovsky, M., Mohseni, P., & Woltjen, K. (2009). Virus-free induction of pluripotency and subsequent excision of reprogramming factors. Nature, 458(7239), 771–775.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balakrishnan, N., & Koutras, M. V. (2001). Runs and Scans with Applications: Balakrishnan/Runs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ito, T., Hattori, H., Zhang, M., & Matsuo, T. (Eds.). (2008). Rational, Robust, and Secure Negotiations in Multi-Agent Systems (Vol. 89). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tveito, A., Langtangen, H. P., Nielsen, B. F., & Cai, X. (2010). The Method of Least Squares. In H. P. Langtangen, B. F. Nielsen, & X. Cai (Eds.), Elements of Scientific Computing (pp. 147–193). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nursing for Women's Health.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, September 22). Drug Treats Protein That May Cause Alzheimer’s Disease. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). A List of Selected GAO Publications Containing Checklists or Guidance on Computer Software Topics (No. 125250). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yasa, S. R. (2017). Visual Basic Simulation of H2S Removal from Natural Gas at Downhole in an Extraction Well (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, August 24). A Buzzkill of a Pot Comedy. New York Times, p. C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2003; Artursson & Knight, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Artursson & Knight, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Gahan, Gould, & Heckel, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kaji et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNursing for Women's Health
AbbreviationNurs. Womens. Health
ISSN (print)1751-4851
ScopeGeneral Nursing

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