How to format your references using the Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Barinaga, SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY: Satisfaction Sans Status, Science. 289 (2000) 2025.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.G. Rash, P. Rakic, Neuroscience. Genetic resolutions of brain convolutions, Science. 343 (2014) 744–745.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Bajcsy, A.S. Zibrov, M.D. Lukin, Stationary pulses of light in an atomic medium, Nature. 426 (2003) 638–641.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H.-F. Gu, J.-H. Xiao, L.-M. Niu, B. Wang, G.-C. Ma, D.W. Dunn, D.-W. Huang, Adaptive evolution of the circadian gene timeout in insects, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4212.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Stewart, Plautus and Roman Slavery, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
D.L. Poston, J. Tucker, Q. Ren, B. Gu, X. Zheng, S. Wang, C. Russell, eds., Gender Policy and HIV in China: Catalyzing Policy Change, 1st ed., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Cerny, S. Dudani, J. Havlicek, D. Korchemny, Basic Properties, in: S. Dudani, J. Havlicek, D. Korchemny (Eds.), The Power of Assertions in SystemVerilog, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010: pp. 101–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B.

Blog post
J. Davis, Global Sea Ice Is Now At The Lowest Extent It Has Ever Been, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Computer-Based Patient Records: VA and DOD Made Progress, but Much Work Remains to Fully Share Medical Information, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Huang, Multispectral Imaging of Skin Oxygenation, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
J. Koblin, Stewart Will Perform Stand-Up On HBO, New York Times. (2017) B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B
AbbreviationNucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B
ISSN (print)0168-583X
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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