How to format your references using the NPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holland P. Developmental biology. The ups and downs of a sea anemone. Science 2004;304:1255–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roorda S, Lewis LJ. Comment on “The local structure of amorphous silicon.” Science 2012;338:1539; author reply 1539.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones MR, Seeman NC, Mirkin CA. Nanomaterials. Programmable materials and the nature of the DNA bond. Science 2015;347:1260901.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mu X, Wu X, Zhang T, Go DB, Luo T. Thermal transport in graphene oxide--from ballistic extreme to amorphous limit. Sci Rep 2014;4:3909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen DS. Why Plato Wrote. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
Chen H, Brandt L, Gregg V, Traunmüller R, Dawes S, Hovy E, et al., editors. Digital Government: E-Government Research, Case Studies, and Implementation. vol. 17. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Kypraios I, Young RCD, Chatwin CR. Logarithmic r-θ Map for Hybrid Optical Neural Network Filter for Object Recognition within Cluttered Scenes. In: Grgic M, Delac K, Ghanbari M, editors. Recent Advances in Multimedia Signal Processing and Communications, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 91–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie.

Blog post
Luntz S. Researchers Use Robo-Chicks To Study Penguins. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Acquisition Is Under Way, but Improvements Needed in Management and Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marchek SP. A quantitative investigation of the Technology Obsolescence Model (TOM) factors that influence the decision to replace obsolete systems. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J. Under Trump, U.S. Is Now a Threat to Europe’s Stability, Leader Warns. New York Times 2017:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie
ISSN (print)1627-4830
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

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