How to format your references using the NPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell N. Britain failing to bar risky students. Nature 2002;420:349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Warren LA, Kauffman ME. Geoscience. Microbial geoengineers. Science 2003;299:1027–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bar-Yam Y, Harmon D, de Bivort B. Systems biology. Attractors and democratic dynamics. Science 2009;323:1016–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schulz M, Moshammer R, Fischer D, Kollmus H, Madison DH, Jones S, et al. Three-dimensional imaging of atomic four-body processes. Nature 2003;422:48–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharpe NF, Carter RF. Genetic Testing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Beeton D, Meyer G, editors. Electric Vehicle Business Models: Global Perspectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Gladkov LA, Gladkova NV, Leiba SN. Electronic Computing Equipment Schemes Elements Placement Based on Hybrid Intelligence Approach. In: Silhavy R, Senkerik R, Oplatkova ZK, Prokopova Z, Silhavy P, editors. Intelligent Systems in Cybernetics and Automation Theory: Proceedings of the 4th Computer Science On-line Conference 2015 (CSOC2015), Vol 2: Intelligent Systems in Cybernetics and Automation Theory, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie.

Blog post
Andrew E. Researchers Uncover Potential Novel Treatment For Drug-Resistant TB. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Defaulted Student Loans: Guaranty Agencies’ Collection Practices and Procedures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullin Piette AJ. Dialogic encounters among health care providers in pediatric critical care: A qualitative, collective case study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. From the Men, A Few Highlights After the Deluge. New York Times 2011:SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie
ISSN (print)1627-4830
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

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