How to format your references using the NPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myhre G. Consistency between satellite-derived and modeled estimates of the direct aerosol effect. Science 2009;325:187–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shen Y, Ho LC. The diversity of quasars unified by accretion and orientation. Nature 2014;513:210–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clayton JD, Kyriacou CP, Reppert SM. Keeping time with the human genome. Nature 2001;409:829–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Michel P, Benz W, Tanga P, Richardson DC. Collisions and gravitational reaccumulation: forming asteroid families and satellites. Science 2001;294:1696–700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheriff RE, Hu YF. Mobile Satellite Communication Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2001.
An edited book
Mohr B, Träff JL, Worringen J, Dongarra J, editors. Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 13th European PVM/MPI User’s Group Meeting Bonn, Germany, September 17-20, 2006 Proceedings. vol. 4192. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Burckhardt S. Consistency in Distributed Systems. In: Meyer B, Nordio M, editors. Software Engineering: International Summer Schools, LASER 2013-2014, Elba, Italy, Revised Tutorial Lectures, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 84–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Pluto’s Interaction With The Solar Wind Is Completely Unique. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Summary of the Status of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare’s Grants and Loans Made Under the Health Maintenance Organization Act as of June 30, 1977. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Born KB. Student and Principal Perceptions of the California High School Proficiency Examination in Community Schools: A Case Study. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly T. A Consultant Reports a Flaw In Ebay’s Web Site Security. New York Times 1999:G3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie
ISSN (print)1627-4830
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles