How to format your references using the Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wigley, T. M. L. (2006): A combined mitigation/geoengineering approach to climate stabilization, Science, 314(5798), 452–454.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lauder, J. M. and Oppenheim, R. (2001): Obituary. Viktor Hamburger (1900-2001), Nature, 412(6846), 496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richards-Kortum, R., Gray, L. V. and Oden, M. (2012): IBI* series winner. Engaging undergraduates in global health technology innovation, Science, 336(6080), 430–431.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tsai, W. L., Hsu, P. C., Hwu, Y., Chen, C. H., Chang, L. W., Je, J. H., Lin, H. M., Groso, A. and Margaritondo, G. (2002): Electrochemistry: building on bubbles in metal electrodeposition, Nature, 417(6885), 139.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu, K. (2014): Materials in Energy Conversion, Harvesting, and Storage, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Shigemura, J. and Chhem, R. K. (Eds.). (2016): Mental Health and Social Issues Following a Nuclear Accident: The Case of Fukushima, Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Lagorio, S. L., Vizán, H. and Geuna, S. E. (2016): Palaeoreconstruction of Pangea During the Early Cretaceous, and Location of Volcanism in Córdoba and Misiones Provinces with Respect to Seismic Structures in the Lower Mantle, In: Vizán, H. and Geuna, S. E. (eds.), Early Cretaceous Volcanism in Central and Eastern Argentina During Gondwana Break-Up, SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 123–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017): World’s Second Breeding Population Of Critically Endangered Indochinese Tigers Discovered, IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989): Air Traffic Control: Computer Capacity Shortfalls May Impair Flight Safety, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rendleman, A. J. (2017): Energetics of Physiological Plasticity during Larval Development of the Sand Dollar, Dendraster Excentricus, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017): Loss to Nationals Brings Reminders of Early Season Demons, New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wigley 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Lauder, Oppenheim 2001; Wigley 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lauder, Oppenheim 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsai et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal
AbbreviationNord. Pulp Paper Res. J.
ISSN (print)0283-2631
ISSN (online)2000-0669
General Materials Science

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