How to format your references using the Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batt, C. A. (2007): Materials science. Food pathogen detection, Science, 316(5831), 1579–1580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Y.-Y. and Zhang, T. (2014): Spontaneous emission noise in long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguide based optical gyroscope, Sci. Rep., 4, 6369.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldini, J. U. L., McDermott, F. and Fairchild, I. J. (2002): Structure of the 8200-year cold event revealed by a speleothem trace element record, Science, 296(5576), 2203–2206.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Del Monte-Nieto, G., Ramialison, M., Adam, A. A. S., Wu, B., Aharonov, A., D’Uva, G., Bourke, L. M., Pitulescu, M. E., Chen, H., de la Pompa, J. L., Shou, W., Adams, R. H., Harten, S. K., Tzahor, E., Zhou, B. and Harvey, R. P. (2018): Control of cardiac jelly dynamics by NOTCH1 and NRG1 defines the building plan for trabeculation, Nature, 557(7705), 439–445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godwin, W. (2013): International Construction Contracts, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Lam, H.-K. (2010): Stability Analysis of Fuzzy-Model-Based Control Systems: Linear-Matrix-Inequality Approach, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing, (F. H.-F. Leung, ed.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sharapov, V., Sotula, Z. and Kunickaya, L. (2014): Transducers with Non-Destructive Control, In: Sotula, Z. and Kunickaya, L. (eds.), Piezo-Electric Electro-Acoustic Transducers, Microtechnology and MEMS, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015): Simple Memory Test Could Offer Hints of Alzheimer’s 18 Years Before Diagnosis, IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002): Highway Infrastructure: Preliminary Information on the Timely Completion of Highway Construction Projects, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witowski, L. L. (2008): The relationship between instructional delivery methods and student learning preferences: What contributes to student satisfaction in an online learning environment?, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006): Justices to Say When Police Can Enter Private Home, New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batt 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Batt 2007; Wang, Zhang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang, Zhang 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Del Monte-Nieto et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal
AbbreviationNord. Pulp Paper Res. J.
ISSN (print)0283-2631
ISSN (online)2000-0669
General Materials Science

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