How to format your references using the Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stokstad, E. (2000): PALEONTOLOGY: CT Sleuthing Uncovers Fossil Misfits, Science, 288(5472), 1731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tao, Z.-Y. and Fan, Y.-X. (2014): Orthogonality breaking induces extraordinary single-mode transparency in an elaborate waveguide with wall corrugations, Sci. Rep., 4, 7092.
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggs, F., Mangun, G. R. and Usrey, W. M. (2013): Attention enhances synaptic efficacy and the signal-to-noise ratio in neural circuits, Nature, 499(7459), 476–480.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, T., Sun, L., Long, N., Wang, Y. and Huang, W. (2013): Penguin tissue as a proxy for relative krill abundance in East Antarctica during the Holocene, Sci. Rep., 3, 2807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lipiansky, E. (2012): Electrical, Electronics, and Digital Hardware Essentials for Scientists and Engineers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bailly, C. (2015): Turbulence, Experimental Fluid Mechanics, (G. Comte-Bellot, ed.), Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Secchi, C., Olmi, R., Fantuzzi, C. and Casarini, M. (2014): TRAFCON – Traffic Control of AGVs in Automatic Warehouses, In: Röhrbein, F., Veiga, G., and Natale, C. (eds.), Gearing up and accelerating cross‐fertilization between academic and industrial robotics research in Europe: Technology transfer experiments from the ECHORD project, Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 85–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017): Rescuers Battle To Save Remaining Whales After Hundreds Die In Huge Mass Stranding, IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996): Weather Forecasting: Recommendations to Address New Weather Processing System Development Risks, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
VanQuickenborne, T. (2010): Exploring generative change, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2009): Fame on the Half Shell, New York Times, CY1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Stokstad 2000; Tao, Fan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tao, Fan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal
AbbreviationNord. Pulp Paper Res. J.
ISSN (print)0283-2631
ISSN (online)2000-0669
General Materials Science

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