How to format your references using the Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myers, M. G., Jr. (2009): Cell biology. Moonlighting in mitochondria, Science, 323(5915), 723–724.
A journal article with 2 authors
Head, J. J. and Polly, P. D. (2015): Evolution of the snake body form reveals homoplasy in amniote Hox gene function, Nature, 520(7545), 86–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi, Y., Sipp, D. and Enomoto, H. (2013): Tissue interactions in neural crest cell development and disease, Science, 341(6148), 860–863.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Månsson, M., Kalies, I., Bergström, G., Schmidt, C., Legnehed, A., Hultén, L. M., Amrot-Fors, L., Gustafsson, D. and Knecht, W. (2014): Lp(a) is not associated with diabetes but affects fibrinolysis and clot structure ex vivo, Sci. Rep., 4, 5318.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell, A. K. (2014): Intracellular Calcium, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Membrey, P. (2009): The Definitive Guide to CentOS, (T. Verhoeven and R. Angenendt, eds.), Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Grand, M., Bossuet, L., Le Gal, B., Gogniat, G. and Dallet, D. (2011): Design and Implementation of a Multi-Core Crypto-Processor for Software Defined Radios, In: Koch, A., Krishnamurthy, R., McAllister, J., Woods, R., and El-Ghazawi, T. (eds.), Reconfigurable Computing: Architectures, Tools and Applications: 7th International Symposium, ARC 2011, Belfast, UK, March 23-25, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014): Pervasive Mixing Found in Genetic Ancestry of 160,000 Americans, IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014): Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, D. S. (2010): Global Educational Ecosystem: Case study of a partnership with K–12 schools, community organizations, and business, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011): U.S. Coach Doesn’t Play the Superstar Card, New York Times, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Myers 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Head, Polly 2015; Myers 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Head, Polly 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Månsson et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal
AbbreviationNord. Pulp Paper Res. J.
ISSN (print)0283-2631
ISSN (online)2000-0669
General Materials Science

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