How to format your references using the Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.W. Brouwer, Physics. Enter the Majorana fermion, Science. 336 (2012) 989–990.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Buluta, F. Nori, Quantum simulators, Science. 326 (2009) 108–111.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Zhang, H. Lu, C.I. Bargmann, Pathogenic bacteria induce aversive olfactory learning in Caenorhabditis elegans, Nature. 438 (2005) 179–184.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P.A. Obraztsov, T. Kaplas, S.V. Garnov, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, A.N. Obraztsov, Y.P. Svirko, All-optical control of ultrafast photocurrents in unbiased graphene, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. Kothari, Credit Derivatives and Structured Credit Trading, John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809, 2008.
An edited book
T. Proulx, ed., Civil Engineering Topics, Volume 4: Proceedings of the 29th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2011, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
G.H. Van Doorn, B.L. Richardson, M.A. Symmons, J.L. Howell, Cutaneous Inputs Yield Judgments of Line Length That Are Equal to, or Better Than, Those Based on Kinesthetic Inputs, in: P. Isokoski, J. Springare (Eds.), Haptics: Perception, Devices, Mobility, and Communication: International Conference, EuroHaptics 2012, Tampere, Finland, June 13-15, 2012 Proceedings, Part II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 25–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Comet ISON: The Real Song of Ice and Fire, IFLScience. (2013). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Computer Buys: Air Force Logistics Modernization Program Should Comply With Brooks Act, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Qin, Mid -ocean ridge morphology and tectonics: Insights from numerical modeling of faults and dikes, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Hodgman, Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times. (2017) MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications
AbbreviationNonlinear Anal. Real World Appl.
ISSN (print)1468-1218
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
General Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
General Medicine

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