How to format your references using the Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.F. Shlesinger, Physics in the noise, Nature. 411 (2001) 641.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.B. Moore, T.A. Steitz, The involvement of RNA in ribosome function, Nature. 418 (2002) 229–235.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Arnarez, S.J. Marrink, X. Periole, Identification of cardiolipin binding sites on cytochrome c oxidase at the entrance of proton channels, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W.L. Jungers, W.E.H. Harcourt-Smith, R.E. Wunderlich, M.W. Tocheri, S.G. Larson, T. Sutikna, R.A. Due, M.J. Morwood, The foot of Homo floresiensis, Nature. 459 (2009) 81–84.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Homer, M.L. Leibowitz, Inside the Yield Book, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
P. Blanchard, Random Walks and Diffusions on Graphs and Databases: An Introduction, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Bakir, G. Chesler, M. de la Torriente, Integrating Third-Party Fitness Trackers and Data Using the Fitbit API, in: G. Chesler, M. de la Torriente (Eds.), Program the Internet of Things with Swift for IOS, Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2016: pp. 119–168.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Mysterious Signal Above Antarctica Traced Back To Country-Sized Chunk Of Vibrating Ice, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.N. Samble, Persistence and Advancement in NCAA Division I: Lived Experiences of Female Athletic Administrators, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Justices Will Hear Liability Cases With Federal-State Disparity at Issue, New York Times. (2008) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems
AbbreviationNonlinear Anal. Hybrid Syst.
ISSN (print)1751-570X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering

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