How to format your references using the Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.H. Gleick, Global freshwater resources: soft-path solutions for the 21st century, Science. 302 (2003) 1524–1528.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Brawley, E. Matunis, Regeneration of male germline stem cells by spermatogonial dedifferentiation in vivo, Science. 304 (2004) 1331–1334.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.J. Benton, M.A. Wills, R. Hitchin, Quality of the fossil record through time, Nature. 403 (2000) 534–537.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.M. Riehle, W.M. Guelbeogo, A. Gneme, K. Eiglmeier, I. Holm, E. Bischoff, T. Garnier, G.M. Snyder, X. Li, K. Markianos, N. Sagnon, K.D. Vernick, A cryptic subgroup of Anopheles gambiae is highly susceptible to human malaria parasites, Science. 331 (2011) 596–598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P.I. Good, J.W. Hardin, Common Errors in Statistics (And How to Avoid Them), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
P. Liljedahl, Problem Solving in Mathematics Education, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Yu, Q. Xu, Public Discourse on Genetically Modified Foods in the Mobile Sphere: Framing Risks, Opportunities, and Responsibilities in Mobile Social Media in China, in: R. Wei (Ed.), Mobile Media, Political Participation, and Civic Activism in Asia: Private Chat to Public Communication, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2016: pp. 81–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, China To Build World’s Most Powerful Super-Collider In 2020, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Protecting the Consumer From Potentially Harmful Shellfish (Clams, Mussels, and Oysters), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Kim, Adult ESL Korean readers’ responses about their reading in L1 Korean and L2 English, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J.O. Murphy, Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times, New York Times. (2015) C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems
AbbreviationNonlinear Anal. Hybrid Syst.
ISSN (print)1751-570X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering

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