How to format your references using the Neuropsychiatrie de l'enfance et de l'adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychiatrie de l'enfance et de l'adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malescio G. Predicting with unpredictability. Nature 2005;434:1073.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemingway J, Craig A. Parasitology. New ways to control malaria. Science 2004;303:1984–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Egholm DL, Knudsen MF, Sandiford M. Lifespan of mountain ranges scaled by feedbacks between landsliding and erosion by rivers. Nature 2013;498:475–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gibbs DJ, Lee SC, Isa NM, Gramuglia S, Fukao T, Bassel GW, et al. Homeostatic response to hypoxia is regulated by the N-end rule pathway in plants. Nature 2011;479:415–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anjum B, Perros H. Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Caeiro S, Filho WL, Jabbour C, Azeiteiro UM, editors. Sustainability Assessment Tools in Higher Education Institutions: Mapping Trends and Good Practices Around the World. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Baltes J, Byagowi A, Anderson J, Kopacek P. Teen Sized Humanoid Robot: Archie. In: Kim J-H, Ge SS, Vadakkepat P, Jesse N, Al Manum A, Puthusserypady K S, et al., editors. Progress in Robotics: FIRA RoboWorld Congress 2009, Incheon, Korea, August 16-20, 2009. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 34–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychiatrie de l'enfance et de l'adolescence.

Blog post
Andrew D. A Hidden Code In Our DNA Explains How New Pieces Of Genes Are Made. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Systems: Examinations of Non-Federal Hospital Information Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shirley A. Connecting foster children with their siblings within a summer camp setting: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Coe A. Presidential Biographies. New York Times 2017:MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychiatrie de l'enfance et de l'adolescence
AbbreviationNeuropsychiatr. Enfance Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0222-9617
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles