How to format your references using the Neuropsychiatrie de l'enfance et de l'adolescence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychiatrie de l'enfance et de l'adolescence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jan E. Molecular biology: signals across domains of life. Nature 2015;519:40–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marks TJ, Hersam MC. Materials science: Semiconductors grown large and thin. Nature 2015;520:631–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen JM, Smith J, Wolfe J. Experienced saxophonists learn to tune their vocal tracts. Science 2008;319:776.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Choi SH, Ko YN, Lee J-K, Kang YC. Rapid continuous synthesis of spherical reduced graphene ball-nickel oxide composite for lithium ion batteries. Sci Rep 2014;4:5786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooker J. Logic-Based Methods for Optimization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2000.
An edited book
Melin P, Kacprzyk J, Pedrycz W, editors. Soft Computing for Recognition Based on Biometrics. vol. 312. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Kolobov AV, Tominaga J. Reversible Photostructural Changes. In: Tominaga J, editor. Chalcogenides: Metastability and Phase Change Phenomena, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 67–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychiatrie de l'enfance et de l'adolescence.

Blog post
Taub B. Caffeine Can Make Up For Lost Sleep, But Only For Two Nights. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Automobile Weight and Safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia DM. Cutting a thorn: The cleansing function of female genital cutting. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schilling MK. Mother of Invention. New York Times 2017:M2114.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychiatrie de l'enfance et de l'adolescence
AbbreviationNeuropsychiatr. Enfance Adolesc.
ISSN (print)0222-9617
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles