How to format your references using the Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Currey JD. Materials science. Hierarchies in biomineral structures. Science. 2005 Jul 8;309(5732):253–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fyke J, Eby M. Comment on “Climate sensitivity estimated from temperature reconstructions of the Last Glacial Maximum.” Science. 2012 Sep 14;337(6100):1294; author reply 1294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Manoukis NC, Hall B, Geib SM. A computer model of insect traps in a landscape. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 12;4:7015.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tomoda M, Dehoux T, Iwasaki Y, Matsuda O, Gusev VE, Wright OB. Nanoscale mechanical contacts mapped by ultrashort time-scale electron transport. Sci Rep. 2014 Apr 25;4:4790.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kent J. ADA in Details. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Deutsch A, Brusch L, Byrne H, Vries G de, Herzel H, editors. Mathematical Modeling of Biological Systems, Volume I: Cellular Biophysics, Regulatory Networks, Development, Biomedicine, and Data Analysis. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2007. XVIII, 382 p. 120 illus. (Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
Simovici DA, Djeraba C. Partially Ordered Sets. In: Djeraba C, editor. Mathematical Tools for Data Mining: Set Theory, Partial Orders, Combinatorics. London: Springer; 2008. p. 129–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax.

Blog post
Andrew E. Stars With Planets On Strange Orbits: What’s Going On? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Characteristics of Defaulted Borrowers in the Stafford Student Loan Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Apr. Report No.: HRD-91-82BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lancelin DB. A Phenomenological Case Study of Teacher Experiences with and Understanding of Instruction Aligned to the CCSS, and their Role in Advancing Equal Educational Opportunities for Students [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin S. Your Digital Trail Follows You to the Border. New York Times. 2014 May 8;F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNeumología y Cirugía de Tórax
ISSN (print)0028-3746

Other styles