How to format your references using the Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson D. UK ethicists back use of stem cells. Nature. 2000 Apr 13;404(6779):697.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ashworth AC, Thompson FC. Palaeontology: A fly in the biogeographic ointment. Nature. 2003 May 8;423(6936):135–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baum DA, Smith SD, Donovan SSS. Evolution. The tree-thinking challenge. Science. 2005 Nov 11;310(5750):979–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hackermüller L, Hornberger K, Brezger B, Zeilinger A, Arndt M. Decoherence of matter waves by thermal emission of radiation. Nature. 2004 Feb 19;427(6976):711–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider KA. Counseling About Cancer. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Radosevich JA, editor. HPV and Cancer. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. VI, 198 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Tuniz C, Gillespie R, Jones C. La vera età della Donna di Mungo. In: Gillespie R, Jones C, editors. I lettori di ossa. Milano: Springer; 2010. p. 31–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax.

Blog post
Taub B. Medical And Recreational Marijuana Approved In Several US States. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Improvement Program: State Block Grant Pilot Program Is a Success. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Mar. Report No.: T-RCED-96-86.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones LJ. From Corbin and Hillman to Dionysos: The Partial Unveiling of Psyche’s Stage [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Style Provocateurs. New York Times. 2012 Mar 4;ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNeumología y Cirugía de Tórax
ISSN (print)0028-3746

Other styles