How to format your references using the Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clausen J. Man, machine and in between. Nature. 2009 Feb 26;457(7233):1080–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fulton JE, Delany ME. Genetics. Poultry genetic resources--operation rescue needed. Science. 2003 Jun 13;300(5626):1667–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eagleman DM, Jacobson JE, Sejnowski TJ. Perceived luminance depends on temporal context. Nature. 2004 Apr 22;428(6985):854–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rauhut OWM, Martin T, Ortiz-Jaureguizar E, Puerta P. A Jurassic mammal from South America. Nature. 2002 Mar 14;416(6877):165–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan EP. Algorithmic Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Domingo-Ferrer J, Posegga J, Schreckling D, editors. Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications: 7th IFIP WG 8.8/11.2 International Conference, CARDIS 2006, Tarragona, Spain, April 19-21, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. XII, 360 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 3928).
A chapter in an edited book
Biasin M. The German Cooperative Banks. An Economic Overview. In: Karafolas S, editor. Credit Cooperative Institutions in European Countries. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 83–110. (Contributions to Economics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neumología y Cirugía de Tórax.

Blog post
Hale T. Greek City Trials Eco-Friendly Driverless Buses. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High Risk Series: NASA Contract Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Dec. Report No.: HR-93-11.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez C. A Policy Analysis: Assembly Bill 1421 or Laura’s Law [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. A Floury Farce Leavened With Kitchen-Sink Realism in a Poignant Look at Breadmakers. New York Times. 2016 May 2;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNeumología y Cirugía de Tórax
ISSN (print)0028-3746

Other styles