How to format your references using the Nephrologie et Thérapeutique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephrologie et Thérapeutique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirchner JW. Evolutionary speed limits inferred from the fossil record. Nature 2002;415:65–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson CG, Sherman PW. Anciently asexual bdelloid rotifers escape lethal fungal parasites by drying up and blowing away. Science 2010;327:574–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Das G, Talukdar P, Matile S. Fluorometric detection of enzyme activity with synthetic supramolecular pores. Science 2002;298:1600–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nikolaev A, McLaughlin T, O’Leary DDM, Tessier-Lavigne M. APP binds DR6 to trigger axon pruning and neuron death via distinct caspases. Nature 2009;457:981–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang J, Wang Q. Body Area Communications. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Cerro LF del, Herzig A, Mengin J, editors. Logics in Artificial Intelligence: 13th European Conference, JELIA 2012, Toulouse, France, September 26-28, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 7519. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Andrews M. Learning from Stories, Stories of Learning. In: Goodson IF, Loveless AM, Stephens D, editors. Explorations in Narrative Research, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012, p. 33–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephrologie et Thérapeutique.

Blog post
Andrews R. Is Iceland’s Ominous Katla Volcano About To Erupt? IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Longer Combination Trucks: Driver Controls and Equipment Inspection Should Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whitehead CF. Teacher perceptions of the effects of parentification on social interactions in the school setting. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. 3 Important Men and 1 Stressful Season. New York Times 2017:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNephrologie et Thérapeutique
AbbreviationNephrol. Ther.
ISSN (print)1769-7255

Other styles