How to format your references using the Nephrologie et Thérapeutique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nephrologie et Thérapeutique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balents L. Spin liquids in frustrated magnets. Nature 2010;464:199–208.
A journal article with 2 authors
Price WN 2nd, Rai AK. Drug Development. Are trade secrets delaying biosimilars? Science 2015;348:188–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dieterich J, Cayol V, Okubo P. The use of earthquake rate changes as a stress meter at Kilauea volcano. Nature 2000;408:457–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Maekawa A, Pei Z, Suzuki M, Fukuda H, Ono Y, Kondo S, et al. Efficient production of adenovirus vector lacking genes of virus-associated RNAs that disturb cellular RNAi machinery. Sci Rep 2013;3:1136.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holt J. The Ultimate Daily Show and Philosophy. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Skopina M. Multivariate Wavelet Frames. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagrale DT, Sharma L, Kumar S, Gawande SP. Recent Diagnostics and Detection Tools: Implications for Plant Pathogenic Alternaria and Their Disease Management. In: Kumar P, Gupta VK, Tiwari AK, Kamle M, editors. Current Trends in Plant Disease Diagnostics and Management Practices, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 111–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nephrologie et Thérapeutique.

Blog post
Hamilton K. How Does A Computer Know Where You’re Looking? IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Managed Care Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hufnagel D. Search for the Cabibbo-Supressed D+ Meson Decays D+ → π+π 0 and D+ → K+ π0. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Miners’ Hunger Strike. New York Times 2004:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNephrologie et Thérapeutique
AbbreviationNephrol. Ther.
ISSN (print)1769-7255

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