How to format your references using the Nefrología Latinoamericana citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nefrología Latinoamericana. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Priem J. Scholarship: Beyond the paper. Nature 2013;495:437–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin LB, Coon CAC. Immunology. Infection protection and natural selection. Science 2010;330:602–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rao CV, Wolf DM, Arkin AP. Control, exploitation and tolerance of intracellular noise. Nature 2002;420:231–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Imai S, Armstrong CM, Kaeberlein M, Guarente L. Transcriptional silencing and longevity protein Sir2 is an NAD-dependent histone deacetylase. Nature 2000;403:795–800.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ngwira M, Manase D. Public Sector Property Asset Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Cardwell PJ, editor. EU External Relations Law and Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Lowes T, Gospel A, Griffiths A, Henning J. Post-intubation Management. In: Gospel A, Griffiths A, Henning J, editors. Pre-Hospital Anesthesia Handbook, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 99–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nefrología Latinoamericana.

Blog post
Andrew E. GM Potatoes With Health Benefits Approved By USDA. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Emergency Transportation Relief: Agencies Could Improve Collaboration Begun during Hurricane Sandy Response. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
ELBoushi TC. Evaluating ethics training and the outcome on leadership decision making: A phenomenological study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joy S. Time to Take the Leap. New York Times 2013:E11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNefrología Latinoamericana
ISSN (print)2444-9032

Other styles