How to format your references using the Nefrología Latinoamericana citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nefrología Latinoamericana. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Szidat S. Atmosphere. Sources of Asian haze. Science 2009;323:470–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wahl ER, Morrill C. Climate change. Toward understanding and predicting monsoon patterns. Science 2010;328:437–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berner RA, Vandenbrooks JM, Ward PD. Evolution. Oxygen and evolution. Science 2007;316:557–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dawson MA, Bannister AJ, Göttgens B, Foster SD, Bartke T, Green AR, et al. JAK2 phosphorylates histone H3Y41 and excludes HP1alpha from chromatin. Nature 2009;461:819–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz RA, Carew MG, Maksimenko T. Micro Markets Workbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Pontell HN, Geis G, editors. International Handbook of White-Collar and Corporate Crime. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Barretto N, Jukneliene D, Ratia K, Chen Z, Mesecar AD, Baker SC. Deubiquitinating Activity of the SARS-CoV Papain-Like Protease. In: Perlman S, Holmes KV, editors. The Nidoviruses: Toward Control of SARS and other Nidovirus Diseases, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006, p. 37–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nefrología Latinoamericana.

Blog post
Andrew D. Why Protective Parenting Is Key For The Survival Of Tropical Insects. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Travel: Passenger Aircraft Services Annually Cost Taxpayers Millions More Than Commercial Airlines. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katavic I. Corporate social responsibility and sustainable competitive advantage: A case study of the cement industry. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly G. There’s No Politics In the Foxhole. New York Times 2004:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNefrología Latinoamericana
ISSN (print)2444-9032

Other styles