How to format your references using the Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yablokov A (2014) Academy “reform” is stifling Russian science. Nature 511:7
A journal article with 2 authors
Dekkers MPJ, Barde Y-A (2013) Developmental biology. Programmed cell death in neuronal development. Science 340:39–41
A journal article with 3 authors
Barta A, Dorner S, Polacek N (2001) Mechanism of ribosomal peptide bond formation. Science 291:203
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nakashiba T, Young JZ, McHugh TJ, et al (2008) Transgenic inhibition of synaptic transmission reveals role of CA3 output in hippocampal learning. Science 319:1260–1264

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fleming P, Lee R (2016) Orthodontic Functional Appliances. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Duy VH, Dao TT, Zelinka I, et al (eds) (2016) AETA 2015: Recent Advances in Electrical Engineering and Related Sciences, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Weiss SM, Indurkhya N, Zhang T (2015) Information Retrieval and Text Mining. In: Indurkhya N, Zhang T (eds) Fundamentals of Predictive Text Mining. Springer, London, pp 81–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) New Study Sheds Light On The Origin Of Dolphins. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Highway Safety: Further Opportunities Exist to Improve Data on Crashes Involving Commercial Motor Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glock M (2008) Cultural futuristics: Bringing consciousness to cultural complexes and soul to scenario based planning. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) Top Judge Goes Where Flaws Are Acute to Address State of Courts. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yablokov 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dekkers and Barde 2013; Yablokov 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dekkers and Barde 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakashiba et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNaunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
AbbreviationNaunyn. Schmiedebergs. Arch. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0028-1298
ISSN (online)1432-1912
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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