How to format your references using the Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ho T-L (2004) PHYSICS. Arrival of the fermion superfluid. Science 305:1114–1115
A journal article with 2 authors
Leek JT, Peng RD (2015) Statistics. What is the question? Science 347:1314–1315
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang R, Willett SD, Goren L (2015) In situ low-relief landscape formation as a result of river network disruption. Nature 520:526–529
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nybakken GE, Oliphant T, Johnson S, et al (2005) Structural basis of West Nile virus neutralization by a therapeutic antibody. Nature 437:764–769

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumar V (2006) Mobile Database Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Iyer KM (ed) (2013) Orthopedics of the Upper and Lower Limb. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Pastor Ó, Ruiz M, España S (2013) From Requirements to Code: A Full Model-Driven Development Perspective. In: Escalona MJ, Cordeiro J, Shishkov B (eds) Software and Data Technologies: 6th International Conference, ICSOFT 2011, Seville, Spain, July 18-21, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 56–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Why Getting Babies Into Strict Routines Isn’t All It’s Cracked Up To Be. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Implementation of Section 1903(g) of the Social Security Act by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carman SB (2013) Leadership style and church attendance: An ex post facto study of Churches of Christ in Texas. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lovett I, Nagourney A (2014) Deadly Rampage in College Town After Video Rant. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ho 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ho 2004; Leek and Peng 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leek and Peng 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Nybakken et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNaunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
AbbreviationNaunyn. Schmiedebergs. Arch. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0028-1298
ISSN (online)1432-1912
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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