How to format your references using the Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peplow M (2013) Structure: the anatomy of sleep. Nature 497:S2-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen B, Cepko CL (2009) HDAC4 regulates neuronal survival in normal and diseased retinas. Science 323:256–259
A journal article with 3 authors
Murthy VR, van Westrenen W, Fei Y (2003) Experimental evidence that potassium is a substantial radioactive heat source in planetary cores. Nature 423:163–165
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ebrahim SH, Memish ZA, Uyeki TM, et al (2009) Public health. Pandemic H1N1 and the 2009 Hajj. Science 326:938–940

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase CW (2016) Next Generation Demand Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Grieser G, Tanaka Y (eds) (2005) Intuitive Human Interfaces for Organizing and Accessing Intellectual Assets: International Workshop, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, March 1-5, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
El-Galaly TC, Hutchings M (2015) Imaging of Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas: Diagnosis and Response-Adapted Strategies. In: Evens AM, Blum KA (eds) Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Pathology, Imaging, and Current Therapy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 125–146

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Atlantropa: The Colossal 1920s Plan To Dam The Mediterranean And Create A Supercontinent. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) District of Columbia Government: Overtime Costs Exceed Those of Neighboring Governments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jensen D (2015) Functional Analysis of Calmodulin’s Calcium Dependent Inactivation of Orai1. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L (2015) A Model Walks Into a Bar …. New York Times ST21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peplow 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Cepko 2009; Peplow 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Cepko 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ebrahim et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNaunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
AbbreviationNaunyn. Schmiedebergs. Arch. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0028-1298
ISSN (online)1432-1912
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles