How to format your references using the Natureza & Conservação citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natureza & Conservação. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunten, D.M., 2006. The sequestration of ethane on Titan in smog particles. Nature 443, 669–670.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duncan, R.G., Rivet, A.E., 2013. Science education. Science learning progressions. Science 339, 396–397.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chang, J.C., Lockner, D.A., Reches, Z., 2012. Rapid acceleration leads to rapid weakening in earthquake-like laboratory experiments. Science 338, 101–105.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Steinmetz, L.M., Sinha, H., Richards, D.R., Spiegelman, J.I., Oefner, P.J., McCusker, J.H., Davis, R.W., 2002. Dissecting the architecture of a quantitative trait locus in yeast. Nature 416, 326–330.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castle, D., Cline, C., Daar, A.S., Tsamis, C., Singer, P.A., 2006. Science, Society, and the Supermarket. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Friberg, J., 2016. New Mathematical Cuneiform Texts, Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Braack, M., 2015. Outflow Conditions for the Navier-Stokes Equations with Skew-Symmetric Formulation of the Convective Term, in: Knobloch, P. (Ed.), Boundary and Interior Layers, Computational and Asymptotic Methods - BAIL 2014, Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natureza & Conservação.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. World’s Most Common Mineral Finally Given A Name [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Need To Improve Management of ACDA’s Automatic Data Processing and Operations Analysis Functions (No. NSIAD-83-66). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barger, B., 2014. A Quantitative Study of Educational Poverty, School Location, and Student Achievement Measured by the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2005. Justices Explore U.S. Authority Over States on Assisted Suicide. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunten, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Duncan and Rivet, 2013; Hunten, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Duncan and Rivet, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Steinmetz et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatureza & Conservação
ISSN (print)1679-0073

Other styles