How to format your references using the Natureza & Conservação citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natureza & Conservação. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coaker, G., 2014. Botany. Pathogen specialization. Science 343, 496–497.
A journal article with 2 authors
Norell, M.A., Clarke, J.A., 2001. Fossil that fills a critical gap in avian evolution. Nature 409, 181–184.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barsh, G.S., Farooqi, I.S., O’Rahilly, S., 2000. Genetics of body-weight regulation. Nature 404, 644–651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lima, M.D., Fang, S., Lepró, X., Lewis, C., Ovalle-Robles, R., Carretero-González, J., Castillo-Martínez, E., Kozlov, M.E., Oh, J., Rawat, N., Haines, C.S., Haque, M.H., Aare, V., Stoughton, S., Zakhidov, A.A., Baughman, R.H., 2011. Biscrolling nanotube sheets and functional guests into yarns. Science 331, 51–55.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire, P., Hampton, D., 2012. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using Excel and VBA. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Plattner, H., Schapranow, M.-P. (Eds.), 2014. High-Performance In-Memory Genome Data Analysis: How In-Memory Database Technology Accelerates Personalized Medicine, In-Memory Data Management Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Stankovic, A.V., Schreiber, D., Wu, S., 2012. Control Methods for Grid Side Converters under Unbalanced Operating Conditions in Wind Power Applications, in: Wang, L. (Ed.), Modeling and Control of Sustainable Power Systems: Towards Smarter and Greener Electric Grids, Green Energy and Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 127–153.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natureza & Conservação.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How DNA Detectives Are Helping Solve The Rise Of Superbugs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Transportation Security Administration’s Suspension of the Butane Lighter Ban Onboard Commercial Aircraft (No. GAO-09-177R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atwill, R.L., 2015. Evaluation of water and nitrogen management practices in southern US rice (Oryza sativa L.) production (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2016. Another Exclusive Yields No. 1 Album. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coaker, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Coaker, 2014; Norell and Clarke, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Norell and Clarke, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lima et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatureza & Conservação
ISSN (print)1679-0073

Other styles