How to format your references using the Natureza & Conservação citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natureza & Conservação. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDonald, R.A., 2014. Animal health: How to control bovine tuberculosis. Nature 511, 158–159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fernandez, J.M., Li, H., 2004. Force-clamp spectroscopy monitors the folding trajectory of a single protein. Science 303, 1674–1678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rees, M., Koppelman, B., Davison, N., 2010. Scientific steps to nuclear disarmament. Nature 465, 290–291.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, J., Tian, Z., Jing, J., Fan, H., 2014. Quantum metrology and estimation of Unruh effect. Sci. Rep. 4, 7195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zink, M., 2005. Scalable Video on Demand. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Sharma, S.K., Sanghi, R. (Eds.), 2012. Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hughes, G.R.V., 2009. Weak Legs, in: Hughes, G.R.V. (Ed.), Understanding Hughes Syndrome: Case Studies for Patients. Springer, London, pp. 8–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natureza & Conservação.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. From Perspiration To World Domination – The Extraordinary Science Of Sweat [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Technology Transfer: Several Factors Have Led to a Decline in Partnerships at DOE’s Laboratories (No. GAO-02-465). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford, C., 2010. The education of Dr. Khalil Totah (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Mets Start Spring as Big Spenders, and Carrying an Outfield Surplus. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDonald, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fernandez and Li, 2004; McDonald, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fernandez and Li, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatureza & Conservação
ISSN (print)1679-0073

Other styles