How to format your references using the Monatshefte für Mathematik citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monatshefte für Mathematik. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeFelice, L.J.: Going against the flow. Nature. 432, 279 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Berman, F., Cerf, V.: Science priorities. Who will pay for public access to research data? Science. 341, 616–617 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Makarieva, A.M., Gorshkov, V.G., Li, B.-L.: Comment on “Energy uptake and allocation during ontogeny.” Science. 325, 1206; author reply 1206 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han, J., Zheng, Y., Zhao, B., Li, S., Zhang, Y., Gao, C.: Sequentially hetero-functional, topological polymers by step-growth thiol-yne approach. Sci. Rep. 4, 4387 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodman, G.B.: Why Cultural Studies? John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK (2014)
An edited book
Varelas, P. ed: Seizures in Critical Care: A Guide to Diagnosis and Therapeutics. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Natsume, K.: Brain-Inspired e-Learning System Using EEG. In: Lee, M., Hirose, A., Hou, Z.-G., and Kil, R.M. (eds.) Neural Information Processing: 20th International Conference, ICONIP 2013, Daegu, Korea, November 3-7, 2013. Proceedings, Part III. pp. 25–32. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monatshefte für Mathematik.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: This “Frankenstein” Galaxy Is Made Up Of Bits Of Other Galaxies,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Next Generation Air Transportation System: Preliminary Analysis of Progress and Challenges Associated with the Transformation of the National Airspace System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Popoveniuc, S.: A framework for secure mixnet-based electronic voting, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M.: Amy Schumer to Make Her Broadway Debut, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMonatshefte für Mathematik
AbbreviationMon. Hefte Math.
ISSN (print)0026-9255
ISSN (online)1436-5081
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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