How to format your references using the Monatshefte für Mathematik citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monatshefte für Mathematik. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Meara, S.: At the very heart of progress. Nature. 528, S179-81 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Thébault, E., Fontaine, C.: Stability of ecological communities and the architecture of mutualistic and trophic networks. Science. 329, 853–856 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sinsabaugh, R.L., Hill, B.H., Follstad Shah, J.J.: Ecoenzymatic stoichiometry of microbial organic nutrient acquisition in soil and sediment. Nature. 462, 795–798 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Teixeiro, E., Daniels, M.A., Hamilton, S.E., Schrum, A.G., Bragado, R., Jameson, S.C., Palmer, E.: Different T cell receptor signals determine CD8+ memory versus effector development. Science. 323, 502–505 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sellars, C.: Risk Assessment in People with Learning Disabilities. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2011)
An edited book
Abd Manaf, A., Zeki, A., Zamani, M., Chuprat, S., El-Qawasmeh, E. eds: Informatics Engineering and Information Science: International Conference, ICIEIS 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 12-14, 2011. Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Lun, Y.H.V., Lai, K.-H., Wong, C.W.Y., Cheng, T.C.E.: Development of a Green Shipping Network. In: Lai, K.-H., Wong, C.W.Y., and Cheng, T.C.E. (eds.) Green Shipping Management. pp. 61–76. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monatshefte für Mathematik.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Teeny Songbird Makes Colossal 1700 Mile Journey Over Atlantic,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FAA Evacuation Standards. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chen, C.-Y.: The analysis of communication problems and language barriers between patients and physicians in California, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J.: This is Glam Rock, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMonatshefte für Mathematik
AbbreviationMon. Hefte Math.
ISSN (print)0026-9255
ISSN (online)1436-5081
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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