# How to format your references using the Monatshefte für Chemie - Chemical Monthly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Monatshefte für Chemie - Chemical Monthly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Coontz R (2008) Science CAREERS. Hydrogeologists tap into demand for an irreplaceable resource. Science 321:858–859
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Caruthers M, Wells R (2011) Retrospective. Har Gobind Khorana (1922-2011). Science 334:1511
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cosgaya JM, Chan JR, Shooter EM (2002) The neurotrophin receptor p75NTR as a positive modulator of myelination. Science 298:1245–1248
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Duan X, Niu C, Sahi V, et al (2003) High-performance thin-film transistors using semiconductor nanowires and nanoribbons. Nature 425:274–278

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stegmann JP (2009) Strategic Value Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Leung H, Popescu E, Cao Y, et al (2011) Advances in Web-Based Learning - ICWL 2011: 10th International Conference, Hong Kong, China, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Xu G, Xu J (2013) Solutions of $$\overline{{C}}$$ 20 Perturbation. In: Xu J (ed) Orbits: 2nd Order Singularity-free Solutions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 69–86

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Monatshefte für Chemie - Chemical Monthly.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2015) What The Hell Is This Bizarre Looking “Alien” Creature? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1980) Federal Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Emergency Communications Need Clarification. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Serranilla M (2012) Env7p localizes to the vacuole membrane and plays a role in vacuolar protein processing. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hubbard B (2017) Powerful or Offensive? Ramadan Ad Depicting Would-Be Terrorist Proves Divisive. New York Times A9

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].