How to format your references using the Molecular Therapy - Methods & Clinical Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Therapy - Methods & Clinical Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crommie MF. Physics. Manipulating magnetism in a single molecule. Science 2005;309:1501–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li G-W, Xie XS. Central dogma at the single-molecule level in living cells. Nature 2011;475:308–15.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kent A, Massar S, Silman J. Secure and robust transmission and verification of unknown quantum states in Minkowski space. Sci Rep 2014;4:3901.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang Y, Chen M, Zhou F, Ma E. High tensile ductility in a nanostructured metal. Nature 2002;419:912–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Takezawa K. Introduction to Nonparametric Regression: Takezawa/Introduction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Gales J. Structural Fire Performance of Contemporary Post-tensioned Concrete Construction. 1st ed. 2016. New York, NY: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Khanna N. Perspectives on Algal Engineering for Enhanced Biofuel Production. In: Das D, editor. Algal Biorefinery: An Integrated Approach, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 73–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Therapy - Methods & Clinical Development.

Blog post
Andrew D. 22q11.2 Deletion: The Most Common Syndrome You Have Never Heard Of. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Smartphone Data: Information and Issues Regarding Surreptitious Tracking Apps That Can Facilitate Stalking. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown JD. Disparity in healthcare among Black Americans in the United States, a review of the literature. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hirshman L. Where Are the New Jobs for Women? New York Times 2008:A35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Therapy - Methods & Clinical Development
ISSN (print)2329-0501

Other styles