How to format your references using the Molecular Therapy - Methods & Clinical Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Therapy - Methods & Clinical Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schönenberger C. Physics. Two indistinguishable electrons interfere in an electronic device. Science 2013;339:1041–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker MJ, Beatson SA. Epidemiology. Outsmarting outbreaks. Science 2012;338:1161–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
D’Hondt S, Rutherford S, Spivack AJ. Metabolic activity of subsurface life in deep-sea sediments. Science 2002;295:2067–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Eun JK, Guthrie KA, Zirpoli G, Gadi VK. In situ breast cancer and microchimerism. Sci Rep 2013;3:2192.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ytterdal T, Cheng Y, Fjeldly TA. Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2003.
An edited book
Guger C, Allison BZ, Edlinger G, editors. Brain-Computer Interface Research: A State-of-the-Art Summary. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Owens L. Amsterdam Squatters on the Road: A Case Study in Territorial and Relational Urban Politics. In: Andresen K, Steen B van der, editors. A European Youth Revolt: European Perspectives on Youth Protest and Social Movements in the 1980s, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 53–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Therapy - Methods & Clinical Development.

Blog post
Taub B. Facial Expressions Don’t Have Universal Meanings. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center: Clarifying Rationale for the Research and Development Funding Decisions Would Increase Accountability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolzinger R. Strengthening Career and Technical Education in the California Community College System during the financial and labor market crisis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. In One Brief Moment, Rangers Finally Win Playoff Game at Home. New York Times 2017:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Therapy - Methods & Clinical Development
ISSN (print)2329-0501

Other styles