How to format your references using the Molecular Nutrition & Food Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J., The Gonzo Scientist. Gourmet food, served by dogs. Science 2009, 323, 1006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paerl, H.W., Huisman, J., Climate. Blooms like it hot. Science 2008, 320, 57–58.
A journal article with 3 authors
MacLeod, N., Benfield, M., Culverhouse, P., Time to automate identification. Nature 2010, 467, 154–155.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gerton, J.M., Strekalov, D., Prodan, I., Hulet, R.G., Direct observation of growth and collapse of a Bose-Einstein condensate with attractive interactions. Nature 2000, 408, 692–695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karamalidis, A.K., Dzombak, D.A., Surface Complexation Modeling, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ 2010.
An edited book
Verghese, K., Lewis, H., Fitzpatrick, L. (Eds.), Packaging for Sustainability, Springer, London 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Tan, X., Jiang, B., Minimization of the Maximum Distance between the Two Guards Patrolling a Polygonal Region, in: Snoeyink, J., Lu, P., Su, K., Wang, L. (Eds.), Frontiers in Algorithmics and Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Joint International Conference, FAW-AAIM 2012, Beijing, China, May 14-16, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2012, pp. 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Nutrition & Food Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., Scientists Induce Lucid Dreaming With Electrical Stimulation. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Student Financial Aid: Federal Aid Awarded to Students Taking Remedial Courses, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Riley, J.M., Was Sloth the Ultimate Slow Food? An Archaeological Examination of Padre Nuestro Cavern, Dominican Republic, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., Puerto Rico Debt Plan Prioritizes Pensions. New York Times 2016, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Nutrition & Food Research
AbbreviationMol. Nutr. Food Res.
ISSN (print)1613-4125
ISSN (online)1613-4133
ScopeFood Science

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