How to format your references using the Molecular Nutrition & Food Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicholson, D.W., From bench to clinic with apoptosis-based therapeutic agents. Nature 2000, 407, 810–816.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, W.-P., Yang, Z., Earthquakes beneath the Himalayas and Tibet: evidence for strong lithospheric mantle. Science 2004, 304, 1949–1952.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nygård, J., Cobden, D.H., Lindelof, P.E., Kondo physics in carbon nanotubes. Nature 2000, 408, 342–346.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Williams, B.R., Prabhu, V.R., Hunter, K.E., Glazier, C.M., et al., Aneuploidy affects proliferation and spontaneous immortalization in mammalian cells. Science 2008, 322, 703–709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacGowan, C., The Twentieth-Century American Fiction Handbook, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK 2011.
An edited book
Klein, U., Galactic and Intergalactic Magnetic Fields, Springer International Publishing, Cham 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
García-Raboso, A., Rayan, S., Introduction to Nonabelian Hodge Theory, in: Laza, R., Schütt, M., Yui, N. (Eds.), Calabi-Yau Varieties: Arithmetic, Geometry and Physics: Lecture Notes on Concentrated Graduate Courses, Springer, New York, NY 2015, pp. 131–171.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Nutrition & Food Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., Legal Highs – A Look At The Growing Use Of Synthetic Drugs. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Unmanned Vehicles: Assessment of DOD’s Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Master Plan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vaughan, L., Executive function in daily life: Age-related influences of executive processes on instrumental activities of daily living, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L., Imps of the Perverse. New York Times 2011, M250.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Nutrition & Food Research
AbbreviationMol. Nutr. Food Res.
ISSN (print)1613-4125
ISSN (online)1613-4133
ScopeFood Science

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