How to format your references using the Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rosenbaum TF. A new spin on magnets. Nature. 2000;404:556–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Xie J, Black DL. A CaMK IV responsive RNA element mediates depolarization-induced alternative splicing of ion channels. Nature. 2001;410:936–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Salter MG, Franklin KA, Whitelam GC. Gating of the rapid shade-avoidance response by the circadian clock in plants. Nature. 2003;426:680–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. McKeegan KD, Kallio APA, Heber VS, Jarzebinski G, Mao PH, Coath CD, et al. The oxygen isotopic composition of the Sun inferred from captured solar wind. Science. 2011;332:1528–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Crane L. Knowledge and Discourse Matters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Fichter K, Beucker S, editors. Innovation Communities: Teamworking of Key Persons - A Success Factor in Radical Innovation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Berghöfer U, Berghöfer A. ‚Participation’ in Development Thinking — Coming to Grips with a Truism and its Critiques. In: Stollkleemann S, Welp M, editors. Stakeholder Dialogues in Natural Resources Management: Theory and Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 79–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Incredible New Image Shows Earth From Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/you-can-see-australia-from-mars-in-this-amazing-new-nasa-image/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. School Improvement Grants: Early Implementation Under Way, but Reforms Affected by Short Time Frames. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Jul. Report No.: GAO-11-741.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Koons LM. An outreach program for homeless individuals: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. McWHORTER J. Patience Is a (Sexual) Virtue. New York Times. 2017 Feb 27;D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Diagnosis & Therapy
AbbreviationMol. Diagn. Ther.
ISSN (print)1177-1062
ISSN (online)1179-2000
ScopeGenetics
Molecular Medicine
General Medicine
Pharmacology

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