How to format your references using the Mind & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mind & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lake JA (2011) Lynn Margulis (1938-2011). Nature 480:458
A journal article with 2 authors
Burrows M, Sutton G (2013) Interacting gears synchronize propulsive leg movements in a jumping insect. Science 341:1254–1256
A journal article with 3 authors
Simiyu K, Daar AS, Singer PA (2010) Global health. Stagnant health technologies in Africa. Science 330:1483–1484
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hirama M, Oishi T, Uehara H, et al (2001) Total synthesis of ciguatoxin CTX3C. Science 294:1904–1907

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knight HJ (2012) Patent Strategy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Christofides PD (2005) Control of Nonlinear and Hybrid Process Systems: Designs for Uncertainty, Constraints and Time-Delays. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Berger J (2006) The Logical Strength of the Uniform Continuity Theorem. In: Beckmann A, Berger U, Löwe B, Tucker JV (eds) Logical Approaches to Computational Barriers: Second Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, Swansea, UK, June 30-July 5, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mind & Society.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) California’s Water Paradox: Why Enough Will Never Be Enough. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Regulatory Guidance Processes: Selected Departments Could Strengthen Internal Control and Dissemination Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Addington LM (2012) Students’ Preferences for Information Sources during the Undergraduate College Search Process: The Influence of Technology. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L (2014) A Meeting That Couples Often Find Daunting. New York Times ST21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lake 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lake 2011; Burrows and Sutton 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burrows and Sutton 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hirama et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMind & Society
ISSN (print)1593-7879
ISSN (online)1860-1839
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles