How to format your references using the Mind & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mind & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P (2000) Meet the spin doctors. Nature 404:918–920
A journal article with 2 authors
Cermeño P, Falkowski PG (2009) Controls on diatom biogeography in the ocean. Science 325:1539–1541
A journal article with 3 authors
Krauss LM, Dodelson S, Meyer S (2010) Primordial gravitational waves and cosmology. Science 328:989–992
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhu Y, Murali S, Stoller MD, et al (2011) Carbon-based supercapacitors produced by activation of graphene. Science 332:1537–1541

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shafer G, Vovk V (2005) Probability and Finance: It’s Only a Game! John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chakrabarti BK, Bardhan KK, Sen AK (eds) (2009) Quantum and Semi-classical Percolation and Breakdown in Disordered Solids. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen D, Stritikus T (2012) Strategic Identity Negotiation. In: Urias DA (ed) The Immigration & Education Nexus: A Focus on the Context & Consequences of Schooling. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 57–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mind & Society.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Cosmic Coincidence: The International Space Station Passes By Venus And Saturn. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Health, Education, Employment, and Income Security Reports. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy-Reid SK (2012) Exploring the Habitus: A Phenomenological Study of Transformative Learning Processes. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2016) Mystery Ends: Date and Venue Are Set for Chess Event. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Ball 2000; Cermeño and Falkowski 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cermeño and Falkowski 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleMind & Society
ISSN (print)1593-7879
ISSN (online)1860-1839
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles