How to format your references using the Mind & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mind & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chergui M (2006) Chemistry. Controlling biological functions. Science 313:1246–1247
A journal article with 2 authors
Li L, Weidner DJ (2008) Effect of phase transitions on compressional-wave velocities in the Earth’s mantle. Nature 454:984–986
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerber LR, Hyrenbach KD, Zacharias MA (2005) Ecology. Do the largest protected areas conserve whales or whalers? Science 307:525–526
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Krupa DJ, Wiest MC, Shuler MG, et al (2004) Layer-specific somatosensory cortical activation during active tactile discrimination. Science 304:1989–1992

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burger M, Graeber B, Schindlmayr G (2014) Managing Energy Risk. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Osterholtz AJ (ed) (2016) Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Guglielmi A (2013) Neo- and Adjuvant Therapy. In: Manzini N de (ed) Rectal Cancer: Strategy and Surgical Techniques. Springer, Milano, pp 63–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mind & Society.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) “Zebra Stripes” Spotted In Space Around Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Several Challenges Could Arise in Administering a Subsidy Program for DTV Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkow K (2017) Importance of Effective Leadership for the Success of Mergers and Acquisitions. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR (2017) U.S. Military Says It Shot Down Drone That Attacked American Allies in Syria. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chergui 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chergui 2006; Li and Weidner 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Weidner 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Krupa et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMind & Society
ISSN (print)1593-7879
ISSN (online)1860-1839
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles