How to format your references using the Métiers de la petite enfance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Métiers de la petite enfance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hand E. Plumes of methane identified on Mars. Nature 2008;455:1018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Omenetto FG, Kaplan DL. New opportunities for an ancient material. Science 2010;329:528–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ivany LC, Patterson WP, Lohmann KC. Cooler winters as a possible cause of mass extinctions at the Eocene/Oligocene boundary. Nature 2000;407:887–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Skewgar E, Boersma PD, Harris G, Caille G. Sustainability. Anchovy fishery threat to Patagonian ecosystem. Science 2007;315:45.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Oyama T. Post-Crisis Risk Management. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
Storch H von, Tol RSJ, Flöser G, editors. Environmental Crises. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
de Vries MFRK, Korotov K. Transformational Executive Programs: An Owner’s Manual. In: Vries MFRK de, Korotov K, Florent-Treacy E, Rook C, editors. Coach and Couch: The Psychology of Making Better Leaders, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Métiers de la petite enfance.

Blog post
Andrew E. Early Scorpions May Have Transitioned To Land Earlier Than Thought. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Managing Technology: Best Practices Can Improve Performance and Produce Results. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iwuagwu CI. Preventing the Spread of HIV Among Homeless Youth in California. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. Drafthouse Founder Tries Hand at Film Distribution. New York Times 2011:A37B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMétiers de la petite enfance
ISSN (print)1258-780X
ScopePharmacology (nursing)
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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