How to format your references using the Métiers de la petite enfance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Métiers de la petite enfance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marti K. Planetary science. Sampling the Sun. Science 2007;318:401–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Christensen CH, Nørskov JK. Chemistry. Green gold catalysis. Science 2010;327:278–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmidt AR, Dörfelt H, Perrichot V. Carnivorous fungi from Cretaceous amber. Science 2007;318:1743.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Iyengar R, Diverse-Pierluissi MA, Jenkins SL, Chan AM, Devi LA, Sobie EA, et al. Inquiry learning. Integrating content detail and critical reasoning by peer review. Science 2008;319:1189–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heads G. Living Mindfully. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Kohl H. Transmission Electron Microscopy: Physics of Image Formation. vol. 36. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Morris GL. Sediment Management and Sustainable Use of Reservoirs. In: Wang LK, Yang CT, editors. Modern Water Resources Engineering, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2014, p. 279–337.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Métiers de la petite enfance.

Blog post
Taub B. Alcoholism May Be Hardwired Into Your Genes, Study Finds. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GSA: Federal Communications Commission Planned Move to the Portals II Building. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
May LA. Teacher compensation and the academic achievement of high school students. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barboza D. Chinese Giant Rose on a Web Of Family Ties. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMétiers de la petite enfance
ISSN (print)1258-780X
ScopePharmacology (nursing)
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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