How to format your references using the Métiers de la petite enfance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Métiers de la petite enfance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N. Photonics: Trick of the light. Nature 2013;495:S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keith DW, Farrell AE. Environmental science. Rethinking hydrogen cars. Science 2003;301:315–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshino T, Walter MJ, Katsura T. Core formation in planetesimals triggered by permeable flow. Nature 2003;422:154–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Abouchami W, Hofmann AW, Galer SJG, Frey FA, Eisele J, Feigenson M. Lead isotopes reveal bilateral asymmetry and vertical continuity in the Hawaiian mantle plume. Nature 2005;434:851–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van der Heide P. Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Mason L, Drwiega T, Yan J, editors. Managing Traffic Performance in Converged Networks: 20th International Teletraffic Congress, ITC20 2007, Ottawa, Canada, June 17-21, 2007. Proceedings. vol. 4516. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Homnick DN. Dyspnea. In: Anbar RD, editor. Functional Respiratory Disorders: When Respiratory Symptoms Do Not Respond to Pulmonary Treatment, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012, p. 67–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Métiers de la petite enfance.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch The ESA’s Ariane 5 Rocket Launch Live! IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Forecasting: Unmet Needs and Unknown Costs Warrant Reassessment of Observing System Plans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Little JL. The effects of a financial literacy intervention on teachers’ financial literacy, awareness, and advocacy. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Thrush G, Kelly K, Haberman M. Widespread Cuts in Trump Budget Bypass Military. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMétiers de la petite enfance
ISSN (print)1258-780X
ScopePharmacology (nursing)
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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