How to format your references using the Methodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brower, A. V. Z. (2004). Comment on “Molecular phylogenies link rates of evolution and speciation” (II). Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5655), 173; author reply 173.
A journal article with 2 authors
Livio, M., & Rees, M. J. (2005). Cosmology. Anthropic reasoning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5737), 1022–1023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yekta, S., Shih, I.-H., & Bartel, D. P. (2004). MicroRNA-directed cleavage of HOXB8 mRNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5670), 594–596.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Akkerman, H. B., Blom, P. W. M., de Leeuw, D. M., & de Boer, B. (2006). Towards molecular electronics with large-area molecular junctions. Nature, 441(7089), 69–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonilla, L. L., & Teitsworth, S. W. (2010). Nonlinear Wave Methods for Charge Transport. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Matthews, R. (Ed.). (2016). What is to Be Done About Crime and Punishment?: Towards a “Public Criminology.” London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Srinivasan, A. K., & Palmer, L. S. (2011). Voiding Dysfunction, Urinary Incontinence, and Urodynamics. In J. S. Palmer (Ed.), Pediatric Urology: A General Urologist’s Guide (pp. 71–89). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, November 29). Ancient Brazilian Graves Reveal Macabre Funerary Rituals. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). DOD’s Automated Telecommunications Centers Reduce the Impact of Message Volume on Staffing (No. IMTEC-83-2). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griner, K. F. (2014). The Effectiveness of the Integrative Career Counseling Model (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kulish, N., Drew, C., & Rosenberg, M. (2015, December 17). Navy SEALs, a Beating Death and Claims of a Cover-Up. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brower, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Brower, 2004; Livio & Rees, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Livio & Rees, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Yekta, Shih, & Bartel, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Akkerman, Blom, de Leeuw, & de Boer, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMethodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
AbbreviationMethodology (Gott.)
ISSN (print)1614-1881
ISSN (online)1614-2241
ScopeGeneral Psychology
General Social Sciences

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