How to format your references using the Methodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quéré, Y. (2010). Retrospective. Georges Charpak (1924-2010). Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6004), 604.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, B. G., & Dye, C. (2003). Antiretroviral drugs for tuberculosis control in the era of HIV/AIDS. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5639), 1535–1537.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle, N. J., Russell, A. F., & Wilson, A. J. (2014). The evolution of flexible parenting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6198), 776–781.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Juan, L., Tong, H.-L., Zhang, P., Guo, G., Wang, Z., Wen, X., Dong, Z., & Tian, Y.-P. (2014). Identification and characterization of novel serum microRNA candidates from deep sequencing in cervical cancer patients. Scientific Reports, 4, 6277.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rittereiser, C. M., & Kochard, L. E. (2010). Top Hedge Fund Investors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pancel, L., & Köhl, M. (Eds.). (2016). Tropical Forestry Handbook (2nd ed. 2016). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Łodygowski, T. (2009). Selected Constitutive Relations in Practical Computations. In J. R. Klepaczko & T. Łodygowski (Eds.), Advances in Constitutive Relations Applied in Computer Codes (pp. 261–314). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 9). Catching Lightning In A Fossil – And Calculating How Much Energy A Strike Contains. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Airport Improvement Program: Opportunity to Consider FAA’s Role in Meeting Airport System Needs (T-RCED-93-43). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, C. A. (2013). Intervention workshops for members of multidisciplinary teams on hoarding: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, October 11). Thames, Schooled In the Yankee Way, Plays His Role. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quéré, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Quéré, 2010; Williams & Dye, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams & Dye, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Royle et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Juan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMethodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
AbbreviationMethodology (Gott.)
ISSN (print)1614-1881
ISSN (online)1614-2241
ScopeGeneral Psychology
General Social Sciences

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