How to format your references using the Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughes, V. (2010). The outlook for a cure. Nature, 466(7304), S11-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Vernal, A., & Hillaire-Marcel, C. (2008). Natural variability of Greenland climate, vegetation, and ice volume during the past million years. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1622–1625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ur, J. A., Karsgaard, P., & Oates, J. (2007). Early urban development in the Near East. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5842), 1188.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, Y., Morais-Cabral, J. H., Kaufman, A., & MacKinnon, R. (2001). Chemistry of ion coordination and hydration revealed by a K+ channel-Fab complex at 2.0 A resolution. Nature, 414(6859), 43–48.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, W. (2012). Do Species Exist? Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Vinson, J. R., & Sierakowski, R. L. (Eds.). (2008). The Behavior Of Structures Composed Of Composite Materials (Second Edition, Vol. 105). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, Y., Youn, W., Lim, J., Nam, Y., & Kwak, Y. (2009). OpenTide China’s Pricing Decision-Making Support System 2.0 for Digital Industry in China. In D. Ślęzak, T.-H. Kim, J. Ma, W.-C. Fang, F. E. Sandnes, B.-H. Kang, & B. Gu (Eds.), U- and E-Service, Science and Technology: International Conference, UNESST 2009, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2009, Jeju Island, Korea, December 10-12, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 25–32). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, October 20). Two Faults Beneath California Are Connected In A Destructive Embrace. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NATO: A Changing Alliance Faces New Challenges (NSIAD-92-252). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crosby, W. O. (2013). ATI v. Colorado: How the Commerce Clause Provides Guidance at the Confluence of Energy, Environmental, and Constitutional Law [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2016, September 21). The Deflategate Scientists Unlock Their Lab. New York Times, SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hughes, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (de Vernal & Hillaire-Marcel, 2008; Hughes, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Vernal & Hillaire-Marcel, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Ur et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning
AbbreviationMentor. Tutoring
ISSN (print)1361-1267
ISSN (online)1469-9745

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