How to format your references using the Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adami, C. (2015). Artificial intelligence: Robots with instincts. Nature, 521(7553), 426–427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barber, M. F., & Elde, N. C. (2014). Nutritional immunity. Escape from bacterial iron piracy through rapid evolution of transferrin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6215), 1362–1366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Skoglund, G., Nockert, M., & Holst, B. (2013). Viking and early Middle Ages northern Scandinavian textiles proven to be made with hemp. Scientific Reports, 3, 2686.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koten, J. W., Jr, Wood, G., Hagoort, P., Goebel, R., Propping, P., Willmes, K., & Boomsma, D. I. (2009). Genetic contribution to variation in cognitive function: an FMRI study in twins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5922), 1737–1740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godula-Jopek, A., Jehle, W., & Wellnitz, J. (2012). Hydrogen Storage Technologies. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Sehoole, C., & Knight, J. (Eds.). (2013). Internationalisation of African Higher Education: Towards Achieving the MDGs. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Cornillon, P.-A., Hengartner, N., Lefieux, V., & Matzner-Løber, E. (2015). Fully Nonparametric Short Term Forecasting Electricity Consumption. In A. Antoniadis, J.-M. Poggi, & X. Brossat (Eds.), Modeling and Stochastic Learning for Forecasting in High Dimensions (pp. 79–93). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, September 17). Why You Should Dispense With Antibacterial Soaps. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Governmentwide Strategy Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs (No. GAO-13-529T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, D. W. (2012). An examination of the impact of computer-based animations and visualization sequence on student understanding of Hadley Cells in atmospheric circulation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steel, E. (2017, August 19). Murdoch Son’s Rebuke of Trump May Signal a Shift. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adami, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Adami, 2015; Barber & Elde, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barber & Elde, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Skoglund, Nockert, & Holst, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Koten et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning
AbbreviationMentor. Tutoring
ISSN (print)1361-1267
ISSN (online)1469-9745

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