How to format your references using the Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greengard, P. (2001). The neurobiology of slow synaptic transmission. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5544), 1024–1030.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bae, B.-I., & Walsh, C. A. (2013). Neuroscience. What are mini-brains? Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6155), 200–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morford, S. L., Houlton, B. Z., & Dahlgren, R. A. (2011). Increased forest ecosystem carbon and nitrogen storage from nitrogen rich bedrock. Nature, 477(7362), 78–81.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lange, A., Wickström, S. A., Jakobson, M., Zent, R., Sainio, K., & Fässler, R. (2009). Integrin-linked kinase is an adaptor with essential functions during mouse development. Nature, 461(7266), 1002–1006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). (2011). Supplemental Proceedings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zein, F. E., Suciu, A. I., Tosun, M., Uludağ, A. M., & Yuzvinsky, S. (Eds.). (2010). Arrangements, Local Systems and Singularities: CIMPA Summer School, Galatasaray University, Istanbul, 2007. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Bellman, A., Foshay, W. R., & Gremillion, D. (2014). A Developmental Model for Adaptive and Differentiated Instruction Using Classroom Networking Technology. In A. Clark-Wilson, O. Robutti, & N. Sinclair (Eds.), The Mathematics Teacher in the Digital Era: An International Perspective on Technology Focused Professional Development (pp. 91–110). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, May 26). Sleep Deprivation Makes The Brain Go Into Overdrive And “Eat Itself’’.” Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Contract Award Practices: Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority Generally Observes Competitive Principles (No. RCED-93-63). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, E. (2013). Emergency department utilization among Medicare enrollees: A project report (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, J. (2012, October 26). ‘The Perfect Team for Brooklynland.’ New York Times, p. MM58.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greengard, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bae & Walsh, 2013; Greengard, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bae & Walsh, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Morford, Houlton, & Dahlgren, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lange et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning
AbbreviationMentor. Tutoring
ISSN (print)1361-1267
ISSN (online)1469-9745

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