How to format your references using the Mental Health, Religion & Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mental Health, Religion & Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bortman, H. (2000). Requiem for an observatory. Nature, 405(6786), 504–506.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmerr, N., & Garnero, E. J. (2007). Upper mantle discontinuity topography from thermal and chemical heterogeneity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5850), 623–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tosi, L., Teatini, P., & Strozzi, T. (2013). Natural versus anthropogenic subsidence of Venice. Scientific Reports, 3, 2710.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schedlbauer, A. M., Copara, M. S., Watrous, A. J., & Ekstrom, A. D. (2014). Multiple interacting brain areas underlie successful spatiotemporal memory retrieval in humans. Scientific Reports, 4, 6431.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cook, M. (2008). Personnel Selection. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Mori, K. (Ed.). (2014). The Olfactory System: From Odor Molecules to Motivational Behaviors. Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Frederich, O., Bunge, U., Mockett, C., & Thiele, F. (2009). Flow Prediction Around an Oscillating NACA0012 Airfoil at Re = 1,000,000. In M. Braza & K. Hourigan (Eds.), IUTAM Symposium on Unsteady Separated Flows and their Control: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium “Unsteady Separated Flows and their Control“, Corfu, Greece, 18–22 June 2007 (pp. 49–62). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mental Health, Religion & Culture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 25). SpaceX Files Protest Against Air Force Over National Security Launch Monopoly. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Evaluation and the Research Process (No. 110668). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slabaugh, J. L. (2012). The Occurrence of Alternans and Arrhythmias in a Multicellular, Cardiac Preparation [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zernike, K. (2015, May 14). ‘A Crazy Shake.’ Then Metal Tearing, and Chaos. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bortman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bortman, 2000; Schmerr & Garnero, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmerr & Garnero, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Tosi et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schedlbauer et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMental Health, Religion & Culture
AbbreviationMent. Health Relig. Cult.
ISSN (print)1367-4676
ISSN (online)1469-9737
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles