How to format your references using the Mental Health & Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mental Health & Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T. (2003). NASA: trawling through the wreckage. Nature, 426(6968), 754–755.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ohlstein, B., & Spradling, A. (2007). Multipotent Drosophila intestinal stem cells specify daughter cell fates by differential notch signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5814), 988–992.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, J., Lu, H., & Huang, L. (2014). Calciphytoliths (calcium oxalate crystals) analysis for the identification of decayed tea plants (Camellia sinensis L.). Scientific Reports, 4, 6703.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Saint-Ruf, C., Panigada, M., Azogui, O., Debey, P., von Boehmer, H., & Grassi, F. (2000). Different initiation of pre-TCR and gammadeltaTCR signalling. Nature, 406(6795), 524–527.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Relethford, J. H. (2017). 50 Great Myths of Human Evolution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chen, P. P., & Wong, L. Y. (Eds.). (2007). Active Conceptual Modeling of Learning: Next Generation Learning-Base System Development (Vol. 4512). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Taurines, R., Warnke, A., Greenhill, L., & Gerlach, M. (2014). Antidepressants. In M. Gerlach, A. Warnke, & L. Greenhill (Eds.), Psychiatric Drugs in Children and Adolescents: Basic Pharmacology and Practical Applications (pp. 83–155). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mental Health & Prevention.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, June 9). Mayan Ancestry Helps Explain Mexico’s High Diabetes Rates. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Patent Policy: Recent Changes in Federal Law Considered Beneficial (RCED-87-44). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dhokar, A. (2015). LabVIEW based simulation and animation for the vibration control of active mass damper [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fountain, H., & Schwartz, J. (2016, December 21). Spiking Temperatures in the Arctic Startle Scientists. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ohlstein & Spradling, 2007; Reichhardt, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ohlstein & Spradling, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Saint-Ruf et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleMental Health & Prevention
AbbreviationMent. Health Prev.
ISSN (print)2212-6570
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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