How to format your references using the Mental Health & Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mental Health & Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laundré, J. W. (2014). Ecology. How large predators manage the cost of hunting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6205), 33–34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bilham, R., & Gaur, V. (2013). Geophysics. Buildings as weapons of mass destruction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6146), 618–619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cox, D., Meyers, E., & Sinha, P. (2004). Contextually evoked object-specific responses in human visual cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5667), 115–117.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Maizel, A., Busch, M. A., Tanahashi, T., Perkovic, J., Kato, M., Hasebe, M., & Weigel, D. (2005). The floral regulator LEAFY evolves by substitutions in the DNA binding domain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5719), 260–263.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Söchting, I. (2014). Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Matsumoto, K., & Hayashi, N. (Eds.). (2009). Heterocyclic Supramolecules II (Vol. 18). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodríguez-Cayetano, M. (2011). Design and Development of a CPU Scheduler Simulator for Educational Purposes Using SDL. In F. A. Kraemer & P. Herrmann (Eds.), System Analysis and Modeling: About Models: 6th International Workshop, SAM 2010, Oslo, Norway, October 4-5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 72–90). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mental Health & Prevention.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 13). The Things People Ask About The Scientific Consensus On Climate Change. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Montana’s Medical Assistance Facilities (HEHS-96-12R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denny, H. M. (2012). Impact of Occupational Health Interventions in Indonesia [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, May 28). Mets’ Bullpen Undermines An Outburst Of Offense. New York Times, SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laundré, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bilham & Gaur, 2013; Laundré, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bilham & Gaur, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Cox et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Maizel et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMental Health & Prevention
AbbreviationMent. Health Prev.
ISSN (print)2212-6570
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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