How to format your references using the Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers RG 2004. Obituary: David Shoenberg (1911-2004). Nature 428: 613.
A journal article with 2 authors
Temel Y, Jahanshahi A 2015. Neuroscience. Treating brain disorders with neuromodulation. Science 347: 1418–1419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cook DJ, Teves L, Tymianski M 2012. Treatment of stroke with a PSD-95 inhibitor in the gyrencephalic primate brain. Nature 483: 213–217.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Launay P, Cheng H, Srivatsan S, Penner R, Fleig A, Kinet J-P 2004. TRPM4 regulates calcium oscillations after T cell activation. Science 306: 1374–1377.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bays DH 2011. A New History of Christianity in China. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Verhelst M 2009. Energy Scalable Radio Design: for Pulsed UWB Communication and Ranging (W Dehaene, Ed.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Caicedo A, Papademetriou MD, Elwell CE, Hoskote A, Elliott MJ, Van Huffel S, Tachtsidis I 2013. Canonical Correlation Analysis in the Study of Cerebral and Peripheral Haemodynamics Interrelations with Systemic Variables in Neonates Supported on ECMO. In: Welch WJ, Palm F, Bruley DF, Harrison DK (Eds.), Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXXIV, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 23–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.

Blog post
Hale T 2015. Check Out This Drone Footage Of China’s Insanely Huge Radio Telescope. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2007. Older Driver Safety: Knowledge Sharing Should Help States Prepare for Increase in Older Driver Population. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shabalin AA 2010. Detection of low rank signals in noise and fast correlation mining with applications to large biological data.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW 2012. How Plan to Help City Pay Pensions Backfired. New York Times: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chambers 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Chambers 2004, Temel & Jahanshahi 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Temel & Jahanshahi 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Launay et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMemórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
AbbreviationMem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz
ISSN (print)0074-0276
ISSN (online)1678-8060
ScopeMicrobiology (medical)

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