How to format your references using the Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herculano-Houzel S 2013. Neuroscience. Sleep it out. Science 342: 316–317.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelliher T, Walbot V 2012. Hypoxia triggers meiotic fate acquisition in maize. Science 337: 345–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weis P, Driesner T, Heinrich CA 2012. Porphyry-copper ore shells form at stable pressure-temperature fronts within dynamic fluid plumes. Science 338: 1613–1616.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Makohon-Moore AP, Matsukuma K, Zhang M, Reiter JG, Gerold JM, Jiao Y, Sikkema L, Attiyeh MA, Yachida S, Sandone C, Hruban RH, Klimstra DS, Papadopoulos N, Nowak MA, Kinzler KW, Vogelstein B, Iacobuzio-Donahue CA 2018. Precancerous neoplastic cells can move through the pancreatic ductal system. Nature 561: 201–205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gostick A, Elton C 2006. Führen mit Möhren. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Schomburg D, Schomburg I, Chang A (Eds.) 2010. Class 4–6 Lyases, Isomerases, Ligases: EC 4–6. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Heidenreich EA, Ferrero JM, Rodríguez JF 2012. Modeling the Human Heart Under Acute Ischemia. In: Calvo Lopez B, Peña E (Eds.), Patient-Specific Computational Modeling, Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 81–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.

Blog post
Andrew E 2016. Are Artificial Wombs And Lab-Grown Babies The Future Of Childbirth? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1999. Army Medium Trucks: Information on Delivery Delays and Corrosion Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dhokar A 2015. LabVIEW based simulation and animation for the vibration control of active mass damper.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B 2016. An Odder Couple Takes the Stage. New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herculano-Houzel 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kelliher & Walbot 2012, Herculano-Houzel 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kelliher & Walbot 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Makohon-Moore et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMemórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
AbbreviationMem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz
ISSN (print)0074-0276
ISSN (online)1678-8060
ScopeMicrobiology (medical)

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