How to format your references using the Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes JA 2008. Ecology. How the Sahara became dry. Science 320: 752–753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivkin AS, Emery JP 2010. Detection of ice and organics on an asteroidal surface. Nature 464: 1322–1323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fry SN, Sayaman R, Dickinson MH 2003. The aerodynamics of free-flight maneuvers in Drosophila. Science 300: 495–498.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang J, Zeng Z, Lin H-Q, Li Y-L 2014. Pressure-induced planar N6 rings in potassium azide. Sci. Rep. 4: 4358.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lavi MR 2016. The Impact of IFRS on Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Vereecken W 2009. Ultra-Wideband Pulse-based Radio: Reliable Communication over a Wideband Channel (M Steyaert, Ed.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Paris M, Perrard C, Lutz P 2006. A Generic Approach for a Micro Parts Feeding System. In: Ratchev S (Ed.), Precision Assembly Technologies for Mini and Micro Products: Proceedings of the IFIP TC5 WG5.5 Third International Precision Assembly Seminar (IPAS ’2006), 19–21 February 2006, Bad Hofgastein, Austria, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.

Blog post
Hale T 2015. Danish Zoo Will Publicly Dissect A Lion This Thursday. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2011. Traffic and Vehicle Safety: Reauthorization Offers Opportunities to Extend Recent Progress. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kramer-Duffield J 2010. Beliefs and uses of tagging among undergraduates.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L 2017. That’s Not How It Went On the Deal With Iran. New York Times: A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Holmes 2008, Rivkin & Emery 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivkin & Emery 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMemórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
AbbreviationMem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz
ISSN (print)0074-0276
ISSN (online)1678-8060
ScopeMicrobiology (medical)

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