How to format your references using the Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Supattapone S 2010. Biochemistry. What makes a prion infectious? Science 327: 1091–1092.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parisien M, Major F 2008. The MC-Fold and MC-Sym pipeline infers RNA structure from sequence data. Nature 452: 51–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fournier AE, GrandPre T, Strittmatter SM 2001. Identification of a receptor mediating Nogo-66 inhibition of axonal regeneration. Nature 409: 341–346.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Maviel T, Durkin TP, Menzaghi F, Bontempi B 2004. Sites of neocortical reorganization critical for remote spatial memory. Science 305: 96–99.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riches J 2008. Galatians Through the Centuries. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Manimala MJ, Wasdani KP (Eds.) 2015. Entrepreneurial Ecosystem: Perspectives from Emerging Economies. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Ambrose CG, Hartline BE, Clanton TO, Lowe WR, McGarvey WC 2015. Polymers in Orthopaedic Surgery. In: Puoci F (Ed.), Advanced Polymers in Medicine, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 129–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.

Blog post
Fang J 2014. Researchers Create Thousand Strong Swarm Of Bots That Can Assemble Into Complex Shapes. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2002. Aviation Security: Registered Traveler Program Policy and Implementation Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Claar PL 2017. A Correlational Study Comparing the Relationship between School Leader Intercultural Development, Selected Demographic Variables, and Student Achievement.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S 2000. August 13-19; Czar Beatified. New York Times: 42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Supattapone 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Parisien & Major 2008, Supattapone 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parisien & Major 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Maviel et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMemórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
AbbreviationMem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz
ISSN (print)0074-0276
ISSN (online)1678-8060
ScopeMicrobiology (medical)

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