How to format your references using the Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise (MSSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mervis J. Funding. NIH program fails to launch blacks in biotech. Science. 2015;350(6263):896.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Christensen CH, Nørskov JK. Chemistry. Green gold catalysis. Science. 2010;327(5963):278–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Chisholm SW, Falkowski PG, Cullen JJ. Oceans. Dis-crediting ocean fertilization. Science. 2001;294(5541):309–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Paton AW, Beddoe T, Thorpe CM, et al. AB5 subtilase cytotoxin inactivates the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP. Nature. 2006;443(7111):548–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Brunet R. Sustainable Geography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Roth BL, editor. The Serotonin Receptors: From Molecular Pharmacology to Human Therapeutics. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Andrade-Cetto J, Sanfeliu A. Simultaneous Localization, Control and Mapping. In: Sanfeliu A, editor. Environment Learning for Indoor Mobile Robots: A Stochastic State Estimation Approach to Simultaneous Localization and Map Building. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 107–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. How To Make A Cloud In Your Mouth. IFLScience. 2015; [cited 2018 Oct 30 ] Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/how-make-cloud-your-mouth/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Effort to Modernize the System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bebianno Simoes M. Work and social activism in the life stories of Latina domestic workers. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Mets Hope a Little Rest Will Suffice for Cabrera. New York Times. 2017;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
AbbreviationMed. Sci. Sports Exerc.
ISSN (print)0195-9131
ISSN (online)1530-0315
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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