How to format your references using the Mediální studia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediální studia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Broz, P. (2015). Immunology: Caspase target drives pyroptosis. Nature, 526(7575), 642–643.
A journal article with 2 authors
Irwing, P., & Lynn, R. (2006). Intelligence: is there a sex difference in IQ scores? Nature, 442(7098), E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurrell, J. W., Kushnir, Y., & Visbeck, M. (2001). Climate. The North Atlantic oscillation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), 603–605.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lo, U., Selvaraj, V., Plane, J. M., Chechneva, O. V., Otsu, K., & Deng, W. (2014). p38α (MAPK14) critically regulates the immunological response and the production of specific cytokines and chemokines in astrocytes. Scientific Reports, 4, 7405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCallum, H. (2008). Population Parameters: Estimation for Ecological Models. Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Boyarchenko, S. (2007). Irreversible Decisions under Uncertainty: Optimal Stopping Made Easy (S. Levendorskii, Ed.; Vol. 27). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jokinen, K., & Wilcock, G. (2015). Modelling User Experience in Human-Robot Interactions. In R. Böck, F. Bonin, N. Campbell, & R. Poppe (Eds.), Multimodal Analyses enabling Artificial Agents in Human-Machine Interaction: Second International Workshop, MA3HMI 2014, Held in Conjunction with INTERSPEECH 2014, Singapore, Singapore, September 14, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 45–56). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediální studia.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 16). Archaeologist Claims To Have Found Legendary Throne From Trojan War. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Aviation Safety: Enhanced Oversight and Improved Availability of Risk- Based Data Could Further Improve Safety (GAO-12-24). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baumgarten, D. K. (2013). An Examination of the Relationship between Collegiate Student-Athlete’s Leadership Role in the Athletic Setting and Their Academic Success [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fox, M. (2014, July 2). Anatoly Kornukov, 72; Led Russian Air Force. New York Times, B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Broz, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Broz, 2015; Irwing & Lynn, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Irwing & Lynn, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Hurrell et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMediální studia
ISSN (print)1801-9978
ISSN (online)2464-4846

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