How to format your references using the Mediální studia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediální studia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bejan, A. (2014). Maxwell’s demons everywhere: evolving design as the arrow of time. Scientific Reports, 4, 4017.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ide, M., & Hidaka, S. (2013). Tactile stimulation can suppress visual perception. Scientific Reports, 3, 3453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grieco, F., van Noordwijk, A. J., & Visser, M. E. (2002). Evidence for the effect of learning on timing of reproduction in blue tits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5565), 136–138.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Morris, K. V., Chan, S. W.-L., Jacobsen, S. E., & Looney, D. J. (2004). Small interfering RNA-induced transcriptional gene silencing in human cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5688), 1289–1292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malina, M. (2013). Delivering Sustainable Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Delgado, J. M. P. Q. (Ed.). (2012). Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media (Vol. 13). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Freitas, A. A. (2008). A Review of evolutionary Algorithms for Data Mining. In O. Maimon & L. Rokach (Eds.), Soft Computing for Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (pp. 79–111). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediální studia.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 13). Maddest Scientists Of All Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Commercial Space Launches: FAA Needs Continued Planning and Monitoring to Oversee the Safety of the Emerging Space Tourism Industry (GAO-07-16). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taaz, Z. (2017). Boiler automation and monitoring of temperature and steam flow using Simulink [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, June 7). Croissants and Buttery Bliss. New York Times, NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bejan, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bejan, 2014; Ide & Hidaka, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ide & Hidaka, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Grieco et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Morris et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMediální studia
ISSN (print)1801-9978
ISSN (online)2464-4846

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