How to format your references using the médecine/sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for médecine/sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Godfray HCJ. Ecology. Society, where none intrudes. Science 2014 ; 343 : 1213–1214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwefel HGL, Türeci HE. Optics. A chaotic approach clears up imaging. Science 2015 ; 348 : 189–190.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rieping W, Habeck M, Nilges M. Inferential structure determination. Science 2005 ; 309 : 303–306.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Férey G, Mellot-Draznieks C, Serre C, et al. A chromium terephthalate-based solid with unusually large pore volumes and surface area. Science 2005 ; 309 : 2040–2042.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorronsoro B, Ruiz P, Danoy G, et al. Evolutionary Algorithms for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014 : p.
An edited book
Kapidakis S, Mazurek C, Werla M eds. Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 19th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries, TPDL 2015, Poznań, Poland, September 14-18, 2015, Proceedings. Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2015 : XXVIII, 370 p. 82 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Amira N, Giladi R, Lotker Z. Distributed Weighted Stable Marriage Problem. In : Patt-Shamir B, Ekim T, editors. Structural Information and Communication Complexity: 17th International Colloquium, SIROCCO 2010, Şirince, Turkey, June 7-11, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 2010 : 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for médecine/sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. How To Watch The ISS Fly Overhead On Christmas Eve. IFLScience 2014 ;.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Making Progress, but Planned Savings Goals Need to Be Established [Reissued on March 4, 2016]. Washington, DC : U.S. Government Printing Office, 2016 : p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tan-atichat TP. Behavior of VNC in high-latency environments and techniques for improvement [Doctoral dissertation]. La Jolla, CA : University of California San Diego. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Embracing Change, Quietly. New York Times 2013 ; E11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlemédecine/sciences
AbbreviationMed. Sci. (Paris)
ISSN (print)0767-0974
ISSN (online)1958-5381
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles