How to format your references using the médecine/sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for médecine/sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. German Greens go cold on nuclear fusion. Nature 2000 ; 405 : 107.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ward LD, Kellis M. Evidence of abundant purifying selection in humans for recently acquired regulatory functions. Science 2012 ; 337 : 1675–1678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schieber J, Krinsley D, Riciputi L. Diagenetic origin of quartz silt in mudstones and implications for silica cycling. Nature 2000 ; 406 : 981–985.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alexander CMO, Grossman JN, Ebel DS, et al. The formation conditions of chondrules and chondrites. Science 2008 ; 320 : 1617–1619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leleux B, Swaay H van, Megally E. Private Equity 4.0. Chichester, UK : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015 : p.
An edited book
Rivest L, Bouras A, Louhichi B eds. Product Lifecycle Management. Towards Knowledge-Rich Enterprises: IFIP WG 5.1 International Conference, PLM 2012, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 9-11, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 2012 : XVI, 660 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Minet P, Laouiti A. Multicasting in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. In : Misra S, Woungang I, Chandra Misra S, editors. Guide to Wireless Ad Hoc Networks. Computer Communications and Networks. London : Springer, 2009 : 97–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for médecine/sciences.

Blog post
Davis J. Up To One-Fifth Of The Population May Have A Mild Form Of Synesthesia. IFLScience 2017 ;.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Programs and Options for Providing Air Service to Small Communities. Washington, DC : U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007 : p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Orozco M. Music preference and its effects on emotion processes and identity development in young adult females: An examination of the “emo” subculture [Doctoral dissertation]. Malibu, CA : Pepperdine University. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Restructuring At the Bolshoi Costs Director His Position. New York Times 2000 ; E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlemédecine/sciences
AbbreviationMed. Sci. (Paris)
ISSN (print)0767-0974
ISSN (online)1958-5381
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles