How to format your references using the médecine/sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for médecine/sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cluver L. Children of the AIDS pandemic. Nature 2011 ; 474 : 27–29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raper SCB, Braithwaite RJ. Low sea level rise projections from mountain glaciers and icecaps under global warming. Nature 2006 ; 439 : 311–313.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jedema FJ, Filip AT, Wees BJ van. Electrical spin injection and accumulation at room temperature in an all-metal mesoscopic spin valve. Nature 2001 ; 410 : 345–348.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barletta VR, Bevis M, Smith BE, et al. Observed rapid bedrock uplift in Amundsen Sea Embayment promotes ice-sheet stability. Science 2018 ; 360 : 1335–1339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarker DK. Pharmaceutical Emulsions. Chichester, UK : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013 : p.
An edited book
Dym H, Oliveira MC de, Putinar M eds. Mathematical Methods in Systems, Optimization, and Control: Festschrift in Honor of J. William Helton. Basel : Springer, 2012 : X, 370 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Pinto JM. Cultural and Educational Heritage, Social Structure and Quality of Life. In : Neave G, Amaral A, editors. Higher Education in Portugal 1974-2009: A Nation, a Generation. Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 2012 : 89–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for médecine/sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. Rising Seas Threaten To Drown Important Mangrove Forests, Unless We Intervene. IFLScience 2015 ;.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Research: Systematic Selection and Evaluation Processes Needed for Research Program. Washington, DC : U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002 : p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bratton KJ. Modeling and Control of Heterogeneous Tumors Under Chemotherapy [Doctoral dissertation]. Edwardsville, IL : Southern Illinois University. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. Rout Leaves Jets’ Hopes in Peril and Fitzpatrick’s Job in Jeopardy. New York Times 2016 ; B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlemédecine/sciences
AbbreviationMed. Sci. (Paris)
ISSN (print)0767-0974
ISSN (online)1958-5381
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles