How to format your references using the Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain E. Science careers. Playing well with industry. Science 2008;319:1548–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clark JS, McLachlan JS. Stability of forest biodiversity. Nature 2003;423:635–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goes S, Capitanio FA, Morra G. Evidence of lower-mantle slab penetration phases in plate motions. Nature 2008;451:981–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dekker J, Rippe K, Dekker M, Kleckner N. Capturing chromosome conformation. Science 2002;295:1306–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stuart B. Forensic Analytical Techniques: Stuart/Forensic Analytical Techniques. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Tosti A, Beer K, De Padova MP, editors. Management of Complications of Cosmetic Procedures: Handling Common and More Uncommon Problems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Dziegiel P, Pula B, Kobierzycki C, Stasiolek M, Podhorska-Okolow M. Metallothioneins and Immune Function. In: Pula B, Kobierzycki C, Stasiolek M, Podhorska-Okolow M, editors. Metallothioneins in Normal and Cancer Cells, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique.

Blog post
Andrew E. MRI Study Finds That Infants Experience Pain In The Same Way Adults Do. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Supplemental Information on the Federal Highway Administration’s Project Selection Process for Five Discretionary Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bergh PA. Reconfiguring academic priorities: Through the eyes of Michigan community college Chief Academic Officers. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McNAMARA J. Falling Through Time. New York Times 2017:BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique
ISSN (print)1636-6522
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Other styles