How to format your references using the Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meijer GI. Engineering. Cooling energy-hungry data centers. Science 2010;328:318–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz D, Collins F. Medicine. Environmental biology and human disease. Science 2007;316:695–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nir E, Kleinermanns K, de Vries MS. Pairing of isolated nucleic-acid bases in the absence of the DNA backbone. Nature 2000;408:949–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kovac JM, Leitch EM, Pryke C, Carlstrom JE, Halverson NW, Holzapfel WL. Detection of polarization in the cosmic microwave background using DASI. Degree Angular Scale Interferometer. Nature 2002;420:772–87.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Koperski J. The Physics of Theism. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Simpkins CA. Neuroscience for Clinicians: Evidence, Models, and Practice. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Moser M, Patterson* C. The Role of Thrombin in Vascular Development. In: Maragoudakis ME, Tsopanoglou NE, editors. Thrombin: Physiology and Disease, New York, NY: Springer; 2009, p. 81–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique.

Blog post
Davis J. Tubby Jaguar “Too Fat To Breed,” According To His Keepers. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia Opportunity Scholarship Program: Actions Needed to Address Weaknesses in Administration and Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Golf F. Search for New Physics in a Final State with Same-Sign Dileptons, Jets, and Missing Transverse Energy at 7 TeV Center of Mass Energy. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: U.S. Asylum For Blast Survivor. New York Times 2005:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique
ISSN (print)1636-6522
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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