How to format your references using the Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trenberth KE. Changes in tropical clouds and radiation. Science 2002;296:2095.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schrag DP, Alley RB. Physics. Ancient lessons for our future climate. Science 2004;306:821–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Insel TR, Landis SC, Collins FS. Research priorities. The NIH BRAIN Initiative. Science 2013;340:687–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Blaser E, Eglington L, Carter AS, Kaldy Z. Pupillometry reveals a mechanism for the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) advantage in visual tasks. Sci Rep 2014;4:4301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Bodic G. Mobile Messaging Technologies and Services. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Hippe ZS, Kulikowski JL, Mroczek T, editors. Human – Computer Systems Interaction: Backgrounds and Applications 2: Part 2. vol. 99. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Rabung S, Wieser M, Thomas A, Testoni I, Evans C. Psychometric evaluation of the German version of the revised spontaneity assessment inventory (SAI-R). In: Stadler C, Wieser M, Kirk K, editors. Psychodrama. Empirical Research and Science 2, Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2016, p. 25–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique.

Blog post
Andrew E. Bioengineers Build Circuit Board Modeled On The Human Brain. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Geographic Information Systems: Challenges to Effective Data Sharing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Porter LA. Defense Support of Civilian Authorities (DSCA): What emergency managers need to know. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley G. Since 1956, a Sensitive Guy. New York Times 2012:ST2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique
ISSN (print)1636-6522
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Other styles