How to format your references using the Médecine Nucléaire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine Nucléaire. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferrara A. Astronomy. Radio noise from dust grains. Science 2002;295:638–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Budd GE, Telford MJ. The origin and evolution of arthropods. Nature 2009;457:812–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Janjić V, Sharan R, Pržulj N. Modelling the yeast interactome. Sci Rep 2014;4:4273.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Peng Q, Ji W, Lian J, Chen X-J, Huang H, Gao F, et al. Pressure effect on stabilities of self-interstitials in HCP-zirconium. Sci Rep 2014;4:5735.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kivy P. Once-Told Tales. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Braga C, Ölveczky PC, editors. Formal Aspects of Component Software: 12th International Conference, FACS 2015, Niterói, Brazil, October 14-16, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 9539. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Calisti M, Corucci F, Arienti A, Laschi C. Bipedal Walking of an Octopus-Inspired Robot. In: Duff A, Lepora NF, Mura A, Prescott TJ, Verschure PFMJ, editors. Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems: Third International Conference, Living Machines 2014, Milan, Italy, July 30 – August 1, 2014. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine Nucléaire.

Blog post
Andrew D. Do Opioids Make Pain Worse? IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Scientific Research: Continued Vigilance Critical to Protecting Human Subjects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rudoy SI. Developing a model for understanding mindfulness as a potential intervention for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hyduk J. Looking to Take a City Where Grubb and Speed Never Did. New York Times 2016:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine Nucléaire
ISSN (print)0928-1258
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles