How to format your references using the Médecine Nucléaire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine Nucléaire. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lemstra PJ. Materials science. Confined polymers crystallize. Science 2009;323:725–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hayashi T, Carthew RW. Surface mechanics mediate pattern formation in the developing retina. Nature 2004;431:647–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oye KA, Lawson JCH, Bubela T. Drugs: Regulate “home-brew” opiates. Nature 2015;521:281–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Seal K, Sharoni A, Messman JM, Lokitz BS, Shaw RW, Schuller IK, et al. Resolving transitions in the mesoscale domain configuration in VO2 using laser speckle pattern analysis. Sci Rep 2014;4:6259.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaszeta D. CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Chen GG, Lai PBS, editors. Novel Apoptotic Regulators in Carcinogenesis. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Abbas MA, Qadir MA, Ahmad M, Ali T. Semantic Aware Implication and Satisfiability for Conjunctive Queries in Semantic Caching. In: Benlamri R, editor. Networked Digital Technologies: 4th International Conference, NDT 2012, Dubai, UAE, April 24-26, 2012. Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 44–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine Nucléaire.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Severe Solar Storms Might Go Undetected. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Materials Research and Development: Modernizing Institutions and Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leak SC. Building community capacity to meet the needs of our aging society: Interdisciplinary competency development for professionals. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Contractor’s Work Faulted At U.S. Pension Guarantor. New York Times 2011:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine Nucléaire
ISSN (print)0928-1258
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles