How to format your references using the Médecine et Droit citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine et Droit. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery J. Chemistry. High-throughput discovery of new chemical reactions. Science 2011;333:1387–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kepecs A, Fishell G. Interneuron cell types are fit to function. Nature 2014;505:318–26.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reynolds AM, Leprêtre L, Bohan DA. Movement patterns of Tenebrio beetles demonstrate empirically that correlated-random-walks have similitude with a Lévy walk. Sci Rep 2013;3:3158.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Honda H, Yokoyama T, Akimoto Y, Tanimoto H, Teramoto M, Teramoto H. The frequent shift to intermediate flora in preterm delivery cases after abnormal vaginal flora screening. Sci Rep 2014;4:4799.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ushakov I. Probabilistic Reliability Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Summergrad P, Kathol RG, editors. Integrated Care in Psychiatry: Redefining the Role of Mental Health Professionals in the Medical Setting. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Burgher F, Yoshimura CA, Pierre G, Bodson L. Practical Aspects of Skin Chemical Exposure and Management. In: Maibach HI, Hall AH, editors. Chemical Skin Injury: Mechanisms, Prevention, Decontamination, Treatment, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 197–231.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine et Droit.

Blog post
Taub B. Mystery Of Belgian King’s Blood Finally Solved After 80 Years. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Maritime Administration’s Evaluation of the End Products of Research and Development Contracts with Private, Profitmaking Firms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rensing RI. Developing a notebook protocol for the high school chemistry classroom. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein J. Scrutiny of Decorated Detective Raises Specter of Lying as Routine. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine et Droit
AbbreviationMédecine & Droit
ISSN (print)1246-7391
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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