How to format your references using the Médecine du Sommeil citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine du Sommeil. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brashears ME. Humans use compression heuristics to improve the recall of social networks. Sci Rep 2013;3:1513.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silvente-Poirot S, Poirot M. Cancer. Cholesterol and cancer, in the balance. Science 2014;343:1445–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Preusser F, Radies D, Matter A. A 160,000-year record of dune development and atmospheric circulation in Southern Arabia. Science 2002;296:2018–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Smith CM, Venkataraman N, Gallagher MT, Müller D, West JA, Borrelli NF, et al. Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre. Nature 2003;424:657–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevens BA, Roediger E. Breaking Negative Relationship Patterns. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Hodicky J, editor. Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems: Second International Workshop, MESAS 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, April 29-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 9055. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller A. Californium-252 as a Neutron Source for BNCT. In: Sauerwein W, Wittig A, Moss R, Nakagawa Y, editors. Neutron Capture Therapy: Principles and Applications, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 69–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine du Sommeil.

Blog post
Andrew E. Keep Fidgeting, It Might Cancel Out The Negative Effects Of Prolonged Sitting. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Proposed Closure of VOA Dixon Relay Station. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Elder R. A Mixed-Method Investigation of the Missouri Pre-Service Teacher Assessment Pilot Program at a Private Midwestern University. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M. One Year After 2 Days of Havoc, the Chelsea Bombing Case Goes to Trial. New York Times 2017:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine du Sommeil
ISSN (print)1769-4493
ScopeClinical Neurology
Behavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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