How to format your references using the Médecine du Sommeil citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine du Sommeil. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughes V. Microenvironment: Neighbourhood watch. Nature 2011;480:S48-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weber WJ, Ewing RC. Plutonium immobilization and radiation effects. Science 2000;289:2051–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Manoharan HC, Lutz CP, Eigler DM. Quantum mirages formed by coherent projection of electronic structure. Nature 2000;403:512–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhao F, Bottjer DJ, Hu S, Yin Z, Zhu M. Complexity and diversity of eyes in early Cambrian ecosystems. Sci Rep 2013;3:2751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reed SM, Hrci. The HRCI Official Body of Knowledge. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2017.
An edited book
Fels G. Cycle Spaces of Flag Domains: A Complex Geometric Viewpoint. vol. 245. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsumoto S, Abe H. Evaluation of a Classification Rule Mining Algorithm Based on Secondary Differences. In: Velásquez JD, Ríos SA, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, editors. Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 13th International Conference, KES 2009, Santiago, Chile, September 28-30, 2009, Proceedings, Part II, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 24–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine du Sommeil.

Blog post
Luntz S. The Universe Isn’t Accelerating As Fast As We Thought. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Private, Profitmaking Firms’ Reports on Research and Development Contracts with the Environmental Protection Agency Can Be Evaluated Better. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cubarrubia AP. Exploring the influence of external standards of institutional effectiveness on program assessment in student affairs. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Al-Batati S, Hubbard B. Bank Defends Dealing With Al Qaeda When It Called the Shots. New York Times 2016:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine du Sommeil
ISSN (print)1769-4493
ScopeClinical Neurology
Behavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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