How to format your references using the Médecine du Sommeil citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine du Sommeil. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith MS. Change the approach to sustainable development. Nature 2012;483:375.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmiedmayer J, Berges J. Physics. Cold atom cosmology. Science 2013;341:1188–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murakami S, Nagaosa N, Zhang S-C. Dissipationless quantum spin current at room temperature. Science 2003;301:1348–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang Z, Tao P, Liu Y, Xu H, Ye Q, Hu H, et al. Rapid charging of thermal energy storage materials through plasmonic heating. Sci Rep 2014;4:6246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neward T, Erickson AC, Crowell T, Minerich R. Professional F# 2.0. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Hiyama K, editor. Telomeres and Telomerase in Cancer. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Li Y-T, Liu J-J, Wang Y-L. On Total Covers of Block-Cactus Graphs. In: Chang R-S, Jain LC, Peng S-L, editors. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications - Volume 1: Proceedings of the International Computer Symposium ICS 2012 Held at Hualien, Taiwan, December 12–14, 2012, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 33–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine du Sommeil.

Blog post
Andrew E. GM Crop Ban: How Scottish Salmon – And Public Health – Could Have Benefited From This Technology. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Risk and Enforcement Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sharma SP. U.S. Government Program Managers’ Competencies to Manage Satellite Acquisition Programs. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble J. Toshiba Auction of Chip Unit Is Slowed by Dispute With U.S. Partner. New York Times 2017:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine du Sommeil
ISSN (print)1769-4493
ScopeClinical Neurology
Behavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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