How to format your references using the Materials Today: Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Today: Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I.A. Ovid’ko, Materials science. Deformation of nanostructures, Science. 295 (2002) 2386.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Mayr, A. Manegold, Can ovarian follicles fossilize?, Nature. 499 (2013) E1.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Chen, S. Wang, S.W. Pacala, Comment on “Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality,” Science. 336 (2012) 1639; author reply 1639.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Cao, C. Wang, X. Zhang, G. Xing, K. Lu, Y. Gu, F. He, L. Zhang, Selective small molecule compounds increase BMP-2 responsiveness by inhibiting Smurf1-mediated Smad1/5 degradation, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4965.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Fu, Advanced Modelling Techniques in Structural Design, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
K.R.H. von Wild, ed., Re-Engineering of the Damaged Brain and Spinal Cord: Evidence-Based Neurorehabilitation, Springer, Vienna, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Nicolau, D. Costelloe, Size Does Not Matter: Evolving Parameters for a Cayley Graph Visualiser Using 64 Bits, in: J. Romero, J. McDermott, J. Correia (Eds.), Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design: Third European Conference, EvoMUSART 2014, Granada, Spain, April 23-25, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Today: Proceedings.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Baobab Trees Trace The African Diaspora Across The Indian Ocean, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highlights of a GAO Forum: Managing the Supplier Base in the 21st Century, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Ahn, Student Perception of Language Achievement and Learner Autonomy in a Blended Korean Language Course: The Case Study of Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Paulson, Broadway at Midnight: ‘A Doll’s House, Part 2,’ New York Times. (2017) C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Today: Proceedings
AbbreviationMater. Today
ISSN (print)2214-7853

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