How to format your references using the Materials Science & Engineering C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Science & Engineering C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Mottron, Changing perceptions: The power of autism, Nature. 479 (2011) 33–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Goldenberg, I. Goldhirsch, Friction enhances elasticity in granular solids, Nature. 435 (2005) 188–191.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Pouysségur, F. Dayan, N.M. Mazure, Hypoxia signalling in cancer and approaches to enforce tumour regression, Nature. 441 (2006) 437–443.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Sudou, S. Iguchi, Y. Murata, Y. Taniguchi, Orbital motion in the radio galaxy 3C 66B: evidence for a supermassive black hole binary, Science. 300 (2003) 1263–1265.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Anderson, TKO Management!, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
A. Abraham, A.-E. Hassanien, V. Sná¿el, eds., Computational Social Network Analysis: Trends, Tools and Research Advances, Springer, London, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Ignaciuk, A. Bartoszewicz, Flow Control in a Single-Source Discrete-Time System, in: A. Bartoszewicz (Ed.), Congestion Control in Data Transmission Networks: Sliding Mode and Other Designs, Springer, London, 2013: pp. 87–196.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Science & Engineering C.

Blog post
T. Hale, Scientists Finally Understand The 100-Year-Old Mystery Of This Sea Blob, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Joint Strike Fighter: Significant Challenges Remain as DOD Restructures Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Korobenko, Advanced Fluid–Structure Interaction Techniques in Application to Horizontal and Vertical Axis Wind Turbines, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Hanc, A Marathon Back Door That Leads to a Cause, New York Times. (2016) SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Science & Engineering C
AbbreviationMater. Sci. Eng. C Mater. Biol. Appl.
ISSN (print)0928-4931
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles