How to format your references using the Materials Science & Engineering B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Science & Engineering B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Prelec, A Bayesian truth serum for subjective data, Science. 306 (2004) 462–466.
A journal article with 2 authors
W.F. Forrest, G. Cavet, Comment on “The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers,” Science. 317 (2007) 1500; author reply 1500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Fan, D. Yu, Y.-G. Yao, Tree shrew database (TreeshrewDB): a genomic knowledge base for the Chinese tree shrew, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7145.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V.N. Bochkov, A. Kadl, J. Huber, F. Gruber, B.R. Binder, N. Leitinger, Protective role of phospholipid oxidation products in endotoxin-induced tissue damage, Nature. 419 (2002) 77–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G.J. Myatt, W.P. Johnson, Making Sense of Data III, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
L. Bauer, Run-time Adaptation for Reconfigurable Embedded Processors, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
S.D. Webb, J.S. Dunbar, Carbon Dates, in: S.D. Webb (Ed.), First Floridians and Last Mastodons: The Page-Ladson Site in the Aucilla River, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006: pp. 83–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Science & Engineering B.

Blog post
J. Davis, Estrogen In Suburban Yards Might Be Turning Frogs Female, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, BPA Management of ADP Systems Development Activities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Harvey, Predicting Cost-Inflicting Mate Retention Tactic Use in Women with Borderline Personality Features: Examining the Roles of Maladaptive Schemas and Reactive Aggression, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, Mom Started a Job, So Dad Is Nervous About All His New Responsibilities, New York Times. (2016) C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Science & Engineering B
AbbreviationMater. Sci. Eng. B Solid State Mater. Adv. Technol.
ISSN (print)0921-5107
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles