How to format your references using the Maritime Policy & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Maritime Policy & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muro, M. 2000. “MOUNT GRAHAM: Report Finds Squirrels Survived 3 Telescopes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 289 (5477): 228a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shah, R. R., and N. L. Abbott. 2001. “Principles for Measurement of Chemical Exposure Based on Recognition-Driven Anchoring Transitions in Liquid Crystals.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5533): 1296–1299.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daviter, Tina, Frank V. Murphy 4th, and V. Ramakrishnan. 2005. “Molecular Biology. A Renewed Focus on Transfer RNA.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5725): 1123–1124.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sliter, Danielle A., Jennifer Martinez, Ling Hao, Xi Chen, Nuo Sun, Tara D. Fischer, Jonathon L. Burman, et al. 2018. “Parkin and PINK1 Mitigate STING-Induced Inflammation.” Nature 561 (7722): 258–262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quadbeck-Seeger, Hans-Jürgen. 2007. World of the Elements. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Steele, Ric G., T. David Elkin, and Michael C. Roberts, eds. 2008. Handbook of Evidence-Based Therapies for Children and Adolescents: Bridging Science and Practice. Issues in Clinical Child Psychology. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Ju, Yang. 2011. “Evaluation of Electrical Properties.” In Metallic Micro and Nano Materials: Fabrication with Atomic Diffusion, edited by Masumi Saka, 143–172. Engineering Materials. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Maritime Policy & Management.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2017. “White House Caught Copying From ExxonMobil Press Release.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. School Bullying: Extent of Legal Protections for Vulnerable Groups Needs to Be More Fully Assessed. GAO-12-349. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailoor, Shantanu. 2016. “Implicit-Explicit Time Stepping for a Two-Dimensional Inviscid Fluid-Structure Interaction Solver.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2016. “Yankees Trade McCann to the Astros.” New York Times, November 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muro 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Muro 2000; Shah and Abbott 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shah and Abbott 2001)
  • Three authors: (Daviter, Murphy, and Ramakrishnan 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sliter et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMaritime Policy & Management
AbbreviationMarit. Policy Manage.
ISSN (print)0308-8839
ISSN (online)1464-5254
ScopeOcean Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles