How to format your references using the Maritime Policy & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Maritime Policy & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, Claire. 2009. “Plant Bar Code Soon to Become Reality.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5940): 526.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rez, Peter, and Michael M. J. Treacy. 2013. “Three-Dimensional Imaging of Dislocations.” Nature 503 (7476): E1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gustafson, Jeffrey L., Daniel Lim, and Scott J. Miller. 2010. “Dynamic Kinetic Resolution of Biaryl Atropisomers via Peptide-Catalyzed Asymmetric Bromination.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5983): 1251–1255.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Blanke, Olaf, Stéphanie Ortigue, Theodor Landis, and Margitta Seeck. 2002. “Stimulating Illusory Own-Body Perceptions.” Nature 419 (6904): 269–270.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sengupta, Dipak L., and Valdis V. Liepa. 2005. Applied Electromagnetics and Electromagnetic Compatibility. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Corbeil, Denis, ed. 2013. Prominin-1 (CD133): New Insights on Stem & Cancer Stem Cell Biology. Vol. 777. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Qureshi, Hanif, and Arvind Verma. 2013. “It Is Just Not Cricket.” In Match-Fixing in International Sports: Existing Processes, Law Enforcement, and Prevention Strategies, edited by M. R. Haberfeld and Dale Sheehan, 69–88. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Maritime Policy & Management.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2017. “83 Percent Of Us Will Suffer From A Mental Disorder, According To Study.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. [Question Concerning Protest Under Army IFB for Dependent School Transportation]. B-221710. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romanek, John L. 2009. “The Relative Influence of Sensation Seeking and Normal Narcissism on Academic Cheating in Emerging Adults.” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, Erin. 1994. “PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD.” New York Times, February 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thomas 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Thomas 2009; Rez and Treacy 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rez and Treacy 2013)
  • Three authors: (Gustafson, Lim, and Miller 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Blanke et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMaritime Policy & Management
AbbreviationMarit. Policy Manage.
ISSN (print)0308-8839
ISSN (online)1464-5254
ScopeOcean Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles