How to format your references using the Maritime Policy & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Maritime Policy & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elliott, Tim. 2002. “Geophysics. Caught Offside.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5552): 55–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lutter, Chessa K., and Randall Lutter. 2012. “Fetal and Early Childhood Undernutrition, Mortality, and Lifelong Health.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6101): 1495–1499.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maier, Timm, Marc Leibundgut, and Nenad Ban. 2008. “The Crystal Structure of a Mammalian Fatty Acid Synthase.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5894): 1315–1322.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Orgovan, Norbert, Beatrix Peter, Szilvia Bősze, Jeremy J. Ramsden, Bálint Szabó, and Robert Horvath. 2014. “Dependence of Cancer Cell Adhesion Kinetics on Integrin Ligand Surface Density Measured by a High-Throughput Label-Free Resonant Waveguide Grating Biosensor.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4034.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neupert, Richard. 2011. French Animation History. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Borangiu, Theodor, André Thomas, and Damien Trentesaux, eds. 2015. Service Orientation in Holonic and Multi-Agent Manufacturing. Vol. 594. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, Weiwei, Hweehwa Pang, and Kian-Lee Tan. 2006. “Authenticating Multi-Dimensional Query Results in Data Publishing.” In Data and Applications Security XX: 20th Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference on Data and Applications Security, Sophia Antipolis, France, July 31-August 2, 2006. Proceedings, edited by Ernesto Damiani and Peng Liu, 60–73. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Maritime Policy & Management.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “How Do Mosquitoes Walk On Water?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Job Corps: Comparison of Federal Program With State Youth Training Initiatives. HEHS-96-92. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greene, Barbara. 2017. “Repercussions of the Dark Valley - Reenacting And Reinterpreting an Era via Fantasy Manga.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, Sarah Maslin. 2017. “Fire’s Death Toll: ‘5 Amazing People Full of Life,’ the Oldest of Them 20.” New York Times, April 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elliott 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Elliott 2002; Lutter and Lutter 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lutter and Lutter 2012)
  • Three authors: (Maier, Leibundgut, and Ban 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Orgovan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMaritime Policy & Management
AbbreviationMarit. Policy Manage.
ISSN (print)0308-8839
ISSN (online)1464-5254
ScopeOcean Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles