How to format your references using the Manufacturing & Service Operations Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Manufacturing & Service Operations Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dwek E (2006) Astronomy. The supernova origin of interstellar dust. Science 313(5784):178–180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nuttall I, Dye C (2013) Epidemiology. The SARS wake-up call. Science 339(6125):1287–1288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonderer LJ, Studart AR, Gauckler LJ (2008) Bioinspired design and assembly of platelet reinforced polymer films. Science 319(5866):1069–1073.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sohal VS, Zhang F, Yizhar O, Deisseroth K (2009) Parvalbumin neurons and gamma rhythms enhance cortical circuit performance. Nature 459(7247):698–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Patterson SJ, Radtke JM (2009) Strategic Communications for Nonprofit Organizations (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Kaminski M, Martini S eds. (2008) Computer Science Logic: 22nd International Workshop, CSL 2008, 17th Annual Conference of the EACSL, Bertinoro, Italy, September 16-19, 2008. Proceedings (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Mescher MF, Curtsinger JM, Jenkins M (2006) Adjuvants and the Initiation of T-Cell Responses. Hackett CJ, Harn DA, eds. Vaccine Adjuvants: Immunological and Clinical Principles. Infectious Disease. (Humana Press, Totowa, NJ), 49–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Manufacturing & Service Operations Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Cosmos For Creationists. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Expenditures for Public Affairs Activities (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wylie RW (2017) Response to Intervention: A Study of Intervention Programs in Rural Secondary Schools. Doctoral dissertation. (Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) A Washington Monument To Pitching’s Fickle Nature. New York Times (September 16).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dwek 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Dwek 2006, Nuttall and Dye 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nuttall and Dye 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sohal et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleManufacturing & Service Operations Management
AbbreviationManuf. Serv. Oper. Manag.
ISSN (print)1523-4614
ISSN (online)1526-5498
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research

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