How to format your references using the Manufacturing & Service Operations Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Manufacturing & Service Operations Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Price C (2000) Evidence for a link between global lightning activity and upper tropospheric water vapour. Nature 406(6793):290–293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carter LJ, Pigford TH (2005) Nuclear waste. Proof of safety at Yucca Mountain. Science 310(5747):447–448.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haile-Selassie Y, Suwa G, White TD (2004) Late Miocene teeth from Middle Awash, Ethiopia, and early hominid dental evolution. Science 303(5663):1503–1505.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Snieder R, Grêt A, Douma H, Scales J (2002) Coda wave interferometry for estimating nonlinear behavior in seismic velocity. Science 295(5563):2253–2255.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Molino Sr. LN (2006) Emergency Incident Management Systems (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Yan GX, Kowey PR eds. (2011) Management of Cardiac Arrhythmias 2nd ed. (Humana Press, Totowa, NJ).
A chapter in an edited book
Pincock C (2011) Mathematical Structural Realism. Bokulich A, Bokulich P, eds. Scientific Structuralism. (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht), 67–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Manufacturing & Service Operations Management.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) UN Declares That Internet Restrictions Violate Human Rights. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Space Station: Cost Control Difficulties Continue (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rees CL (2009) A systems-level investigation into the genetic determinants of childhood-onset schizophrenia. Doctoral dissertation. (George Washington University, Washington, DC).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J (2017) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times (April 7).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Price 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Carter and Pigford 2005, Price 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carter and Pigford 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Snieder et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleManufacturing & Service Operations Management
AbbreviationManuf. Serv. Oper. Manag.
ISSN (print)1523-4614
ISSN (online)1526-5498
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research

Other styles