How to format your references using the Métiers de la petite enfance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Métiers de la petite enfance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow N. Functional Neuroscience: How to get ahead in imaging. Nature 2009;458:925–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campillo M, Paul A. Long-range correlations in the diffuse seismic coda. Science 2003;299:547–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak MA, Komarova NL, Niyogi P. Evolution of universal grammar. Science 2001;291:114–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hoyos CD, Agudelo PA, Webster PJ, Curry JA. Deconvolution of the factors contributing to the increase in global hurricane intensity. Science 2006;312:94–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hornberg A. Handbook of Machine and Computer Vision. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
Kakaç S, Kosoy B, Li D, Pramuanjaroenkij A, editors. Microfluidics Based Microsystems: Fundamentals and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Łodygowski T. Selected Constitutive Relations in Practical Computations. In: Klepaczko JR, Łodygowski T, editors. Advances in Constitutive Relations Applied in Computer Codes, Vienna: Springer; 2009, p. 261–314.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Métiers de la petite enfance.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Why Sad Songs Say So Much (To Some People, But Not Others). IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Systems: FDA Can Reduce Development Risks for Its Import Information System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volkmer JE. The Cretaceous-Tertiary tectonic evolution of the Lhasa Terrane, Tibet. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Itzkoff D, Bai M, Spitznagel E, Hodgman J, Reeves H, Henig S, et al. The One Page Magazine. New York Times 2012:MM13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMétiers de la petite enfance
ISSN (print)1258-780X
ScopePharmacology (nursing)
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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