How to format your references using the médecine/sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for médecine/sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx V. High-security labs: Life in the danger zone. Nature 2014 ; 505 : 437–441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jackson ST, Hobbs RJ. Ecological restoration in the light of ecological history. Science 2009 ; 325 : 567–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Polyak V, Hill C, Asmerom Y. Age and evolution of the Grand Canyon revealed by U-Pb dating of water table-type speleothems. Science 2008 ; 319 : 1377–1380.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang X, Vodenska I, Havlin S, et al. Cascading failures in bi-partite graphs: model for systemic risk propagation. Sci. Rep. 2013 ; 3 : 1219.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel W. Wiley GAAP for Governments 2015. Chichester, UK : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015 : p.
An edited book
Urbano F, Cagnacci F eds. Spatial Database for GPS Wildlife Tracking Data: A Practical Guide to Creating a Data Management System with PostgreSQL/PostGIS and R. Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2014 : XXIII, 257 p. 47 illus., 32 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Zohuri B, Fathi N. Laminar Incompressible Forced Convection. In : Fathi N, editor. Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis of Nuclear Reactors. Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2015 : 117–181.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for médecine/sciences.

Blog post
Andrews R. The Ground Above An Italian Supervolcano Is Rising. IFLScience 2016 ;.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The President’s Second Special Message for FY 1983. Washington, DC : U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983 : p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rehan TY. Analysis of Life-Cycle Cost, Properties, and Field Performance of Parking Lot Pavements [Doctoral dissertation]. Edwardsville, IL : Southern Illinois University. 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Where the Romanovs Became Holy Martyrs. New York Times 2008 ; TR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlemédecine/sciences
AbbreviationMed. Sci. (Paris)
ISSN (print)0767-0974
ISSN (online)1958-5381
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles