How to format your references using the Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Young RC. The sounds of silence. Nature 2000;408:141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Symington LS, Holloman WK. Molecular biology. New Year’s resolution--resolving resolvases. Science 2004;303:184–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chan P, Curtis RA, Warwicker J. Soluble expression of proteins correlates with a lack of positively-charged surface. Sci Rep 2013;3:3333.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kilner PJ, Yang GZ, Wilkes AJ, Mohiaddin RH, Firmin DN, Yacoub MH. Asymmetric redirection of flow through the heart. Nature 2000;404:759–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abid MM. Spacecraft Sensors. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Meulen RT, Biller-Andorno N, Lenk C, Lie RK, editors. Evidence-based Practice in Medicine and Health Care: A Discussion of the Ethical Issues. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Li X, Gao S. Effects of Vertical Wind Shear. In: Gao S, editor. Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 125–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique.

Blog post
Andrews R. There’s A Massive Metal Dragon Hiding Inside Earth’s Outer Core. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Improvement Program: Reliever Airport Set-Aside Funds Could Be Redirected. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kweider NM. Reading comprehension among Arabic Heritage Language Learners and the Simple View of Reading model. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. Top Safety From L.S.U. With Reputation for Intensity Drops Into Jets’ Lap at No. 6. New York Times 2017:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine Palliative Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Ethique
ISSN (print)1636-6522
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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