How to format your references using the Médecine Nucléaire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine Nucléaire. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Victora GD. Science & SciLifeLab Prize. Stop, go, and evolve. Science 2013;342:1186.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karplus PA, Diederichs K. Linking crystallographic model and data quality. Science 2012;336:1030–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nabel GJ, Wolinsky SM, Haynes BF. Retrospective. Norman L. Letvin (1949-2012). Science 2012;336:1653.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim BJ, Ohsumi H, Komesu T, Sakai S, Morita T, Takagi H, et al. Phase-sensitive observation of a spin-orbital Mott state in Sr2IrO4. Science 2009;323:1329–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meier HB, Marthinsen JE, Gantenbein PA. Swiss Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Panigrahi BK, Das S, Suganthan PN, Dash SS, editors. Swarm, Evolutionary, and Memetic Computing: First International Conference on Swarm, Evolutionary, and Memetic Computing, SEMCCO 2010, Chennai, India, December 16-18, 2010. Proceedings. vol. 6466. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H. Jazykové Technológie Na Podporu Slovenčiny. In: Rehm G, Uszkoreit H, editors. The Slovak Language in the Digital Age, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 17–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine Nucléaire.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Scientists Find Earth’s Geological Birthmarks. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Information Resources: Agency Needs to Correct Widespread Deficiencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gandarilla AH. Family preservation: A content analysis of literature. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herszenhorn DM. A Year After Seizing Crimea, Putin Celebrates as Ukraine Seethes. New York Times 2015:A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine Nucléaire
ISSN (print)0928-1258
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles