How to format your references using the Médecine et Droit citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Médecine et Droit. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willis JH. Genetics. Origin of species in overdrive. Science 2009;323:350–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abrahamsen H, Stenmark H. Cell biology. Growth signaling from inside. Science 2011;334:611–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Waghmare PR, Gunda NSK, Mitra SK. Under-water superoleophobicity of fish scales. Sci Rep 2014;4:7454.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ge X-L, Zhang Y, Wu Y, Lv J, Zhang W, Jin Z-B, et al. Identification of a novel GJA8 (Cx50) point mutation causes human dominant congenital cataracts. Sci Rep 2014;4:4121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Douglas J, Noy EA. Building Surveys and Reports. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Bahr A, Seidel M, editors. Ernest Sosa: Targeting His Philosophy. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Kharrazi M, Sencar HT, Memon N. Improving Steganalysis by Fusion Techniques: A Case Study with Image Steganography. In: Shi YQ, editor. Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 123–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Médecine et Droit.

Blog post
Andrew E. Driverless Cars Will Change The Way We Think Of Car Ownership. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Freight Transportation: Developing National Strategy Would Benefit from Added Focus on Community Congestion Impacts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tuschall A. Exploration of the Relationship Between Implicit Theory of Intelligence and Employability. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ. Seeking Next Big Drug, Gilead to Buy Kite Pharma. New York Times 2017:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMédecine et Droit
AbbreviationMédecine & Droit
ISSN (print)1246-7391
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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