How to format your references using the Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeman, P. (2004). Comment on “Diverse psychotomimetics act through a common signaling pathway.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5681), 180; author reply 180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ishizaki, K., & Noda, S. (2009). Manipulation of photons at the surface of three-dimensional photonic crystals. Nature, 460(7253), 367–370.
A journal article with 3 authors
Senn, M. S., Wright, J. P., & Attfield, J. P. (2011). Charge order and three-site distortions in the Verwey structure of magnetite. Nature, 481(7380), 173–176.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hsieh, D., Qian, D., Wray, L., Xia, Y., Hor, Y. S., Cava, R. J., & Hasan, M. Z. (2008). A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase. Nature, 452(7190), 970–974.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Magnasco, V. (2010). Models for Bonding in Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Otto-Zimmermann, K. (Ed.). (2012). Resilient Cities 2: Cities and Adaptation to Climate Change – Proceedings of the Global Forum 2011 (Vol. 2). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Anghel, L., Rebaudengo, M., Reorda, M. S., & Violante, M. (2007). Multi-level Fault Effects Evaluation. In R. Velazco, P. Fouillat, & R. Reis (Eds.), Radiation Effects on Embedded Systems (pp. 69–88). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 26). The Eye-Opening Parasite That Can Get In Through Your Contact Lens. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Airline Competition: Industry Competitive and Financial Issues (T-RCED-93-49). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bottorff, E. A. (2011). The community college baccalaureate: A study of capital costs in Florida [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2017, February 5). Liberal Town Erupts in Fury Over Policing. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seeman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ishizaki & Noda, 2009; Seeman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ishizaki & Noda, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Senn et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hsieh et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleLoisir et Société / Society and Leisure
ISSN (print)0705-3436
ISSN (online)1705-0154
ScopeMetals and Alloys
Sociology and Political Science

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