How to format your references using the Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vane JR. Biomedicine. Back to an aspirin a day? Science 2002;296:474–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moussion C, Girard J-P. Dendritic cells control lymphocyte entry to lymph nodes through high endothelial venules. Nature 2011;479:542–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Simiyu K, Daar AS, Singer PA. Global health. Stagnant health technologies in Africa. Science 2010;330:1483–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hao Q, Du D, Wang C, Li W, Huang H, Li J, et al. Plasmon-induced broadband fluorescence enhancement on Al-Ag bimetallic substrates. Sci Rep 2014;4:6014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morvillo N. Science and Religion. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Bou-Sleiman S. Built-in-Self-Test and Digital Self-Calibration for RF SoCs. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Wehrmeister MA, Berkenbrock GR. Automatic Execution of Test Cases on UML Models of Embedded Systems. In: Schirner G, Götz M, Rettberg A, Zanella MC, Rammig FJ, editors. Embedded Systems: Design, Analysis and Verification: 4th IFIP TC 10 International Embedded Systems Symposium, IESS 2013, Paderborn, Germany, June 17-19, 2013. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 39–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation.

Blog post
Evans K. Plans For World’s First “Floating City” To Be Built In The Pacific In Two Years’ Time. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Concerns About Competition in the Cellular Telephone Service Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chapple CM. A: Application of Polymeric Quaternary Ammonium Surfactant Clay Intercalates in Triphase Catalysis B: Effect of Various Compatibilizers in Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Rooting On Home Team, and Voting on Its G.M. New York Times 2012:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLe Praticien en anesthésie réanimation
AbbreviationPrat. Anesth. Reanim.
ISSN (print)1279-7960
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Emergency Medicine

Other styles