How to format your references using the Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roberts JW. Biochemistry. RNA polymerase, a scrunching machine. Science 2006;314:1097–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rossky PJ, Walker GC. Retrospective. Paul F. Barbara (1953-2010). Science 2010;330:1191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bormashenko E, Musin A, Grynyov R. Scaling law governing the roughness of the swash edge line. Sci Rep 2014;4:6243.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schwarz D, Matta BM, Shakir-Botteri NL, McPheron BA. Host shift to an invasive plant triggers rapid animal hybrid speciation. Nature 2005;436:546–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trigeassou J-C. Electrical Machines Diagnosis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
Amusia MY. Theory of Heavy-Fermion Compounds: Theory of Strongly Correlated Fermi-Systems. vol. 182. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Mattatia F. An Overview of Some Electronic Identification Use Cases in Europe. In: Assar S, Boughzala I, Boydens I, editors. Practical Studies in E-Government: Best Practices from Around the World, New York, NY: Springer; 2011, p. 71–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation.

Blog post
Luntz S. Neurotransmitter Boost Has Fast-Acting Antidepressant Effects In Mice. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Land Management Systems: Major Software Development Does Not Meet BLM’s Business Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dalton R. The story of Huo Yuanjia and the narrative of national humiliation in post-Mao China. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines M. Pennsylvania Lawsuit Is Latest to Call House Redistricting a Partisan Gerrymander. New York Times 2017:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLe Praticien en anesthésie réanimation
AbbreviationPrat. Anesth. Reanim.
ISSN (print)1279-7960
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Emergency Medicine

Other styles