How to format your references using the Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. A decisive effort? Nature 2002;418:3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anglada-Escudé G, Tuomi M. Exoplanet detection. Comment on “Stellar activity masquerading as planets in the habitable zone of the M dwarf Gliese 581.” Science 2015;347:1080.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coussens LM, Zitvogel L, Palucka AK. Neutralizing tumor-promoting chronic inflammation: a magic bullet? Science 2013;339:286–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stevens JA, Ivison RJ, Dunlop JS, Smail IR, Percival WJ, Hughes DH, et al. The formation of cluster elliptical galaxies as revealed by extensive star formation. Nature 2003;425:264–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox I, Gaudard MA, Stephens ML. Visual Six Sigma, Second Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Delsanto PP, editor. Universality of Nonclassical Nonlinearity: Applications to Non-Destructive Evaluations and Ultrasonic. New York, NY: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Naito M, Andres F. Application Framework Based on Topic Maps. In: Maicher L, Park J, editors. Charting the Topic Maps Research and Applications Landscape: First International Workshop on Topic Map Research and Applications, TMRA 2005, Leipzig, Germany, October 6-7, 2005, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 42–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Mars’ Surface Plays A Role In Its Atmospheric Composition. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Management: Misstatements of NASA’s Statement of Budgetary Resources. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tabellario CM. A plan to establish a financial counseling center on the campus of California State University, Long Beach. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neal L. Quotation of the Day. New York Times 2010:A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLe Praticien en anesthésie réanimation
AbbreviationPrat. Anesth. Reanim.
ISSN (print)1279-7960
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Emergency Medicine

Other styles