How to format your references using the Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hemingway J. Taking aim at mosquitoes. Nature 2004;430:936.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gatfield D, Schibler U. Physiology. Proteasomes keep the circadian clock ticking. Science 2007;316:1135–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xue H-J, Li W-Z, Yang X-K. Assortative mating between two sympatric closely-related specialists: inferred from molecular phylogenetic analysis and behavioral data. Sci Rep 2014;4:5436.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rieger MA, Lamond M, Preston C, Powles SB, Roush RT. Pollen-mediated movement of herbicide resistance between commercial canola fields. Science 2002;296:2386–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burk F. Lebesgue Measure and Integration. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1997.
An edited book
Brauch HG, Oswald Spring Ú, Mesjasz C, Grin J, Kameri-Mbote P, Chourou B, et al., editors. Coping with Global Environmental Change, Disasters and Security: Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks. vol. 5. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Limpert J, Eidam T, Baumgartl M, Röser F, Plötner M, Ortaç B, et al. Compact Ultrafast Oscillators and High Performance Ultrafast Amplifiers Based on Ytterbium-Doped Fibers. In: Nolte S, Schrempel F, Dausinger F, editors. Ultrashort Pulse Laser Technology: Laser Sources and Applications, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 75–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Le Praticien en anesthésie réanimation.

Blog post
Andrew E. Microbes: The Tiny Sentinels That Can Help Us Diagnose Sick Oceans. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Advance Sheets: Volume 74, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simon PR. Gender grouping and its initial effect on a Title I upper elementary school during the pilot year of implementation. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Shift at ‘CBS Evening News’ Breaks With Smooth Routine. New York Times 2017:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLe Praticien en anesthésie réanimation
AbbreviationPrat. Anesth. Reanim.
ISSN (print)1279-7960
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Emergency Medicine

Other styles